Is homosexuality a genetic trait we’re born with, or do we choose this lifestyle? Is it a lack of father and a more involved mother? Why do people think this is abnormal? There are so many questions that people have about homosexuality, their beliefs on it, and why they think it is wrong or right. I have heard so many people say, “It’s Adam and Eve, not Adam and Steve.” Why does religion have a profound effect on why people believe that homosexuality is wrong; that homosexuals are automatically doomed to hell? Gay people have lived a daunting life for centuries because people think that being homosexual is out of the “norm” and that God created everyone to procreate. God created everyone equal, and he taught us to love one another. People often wonder, and I have personally been told this,” that people choose this lifestyle. The story,” Foundations of the Earth”, provides the reader with a vivid image on religion and homosexuality. People use religion to answer many of life’s problems, especially when it comes to moral topics such as homosexuality; whether it’s right or wrong, negative or positive. Randall Kenan was the author of the book called “Foundations of the Earth.” He was born in Brooklyn New York on March 12th, 1963. He wrote non-fiction and fiction regarding what is was like to be a gay African American man living in the southern United States. Kenan Identifies himself as a gay African American. Kenan graduated from the University of North Carolina with a degree in English and Writing, and moved on to teach at Universities across the country. He has won many rewards with his writing, including “Guggenheim Fellowship, a Whiting Writers Award, the Sherwood Anderson Award, the John Dos Passos Award, and the Rome Prize from the American Academy of Arts and Letters.” (Wikipedia) The story, “Foundations of the Earth,” involved an African American grandmother named Maggie MacGowan Williams who struggles to come to terms and accept that her grandson, Edward, was a homosexual. Not only did she have to come to terms with her grandson’s sexuality and the fact that he lived with his lover, Gabriel, but she also has to deal with the fact that he had been killed in a car accident. Upon her request, Gabriel met with Maggie in order to give her a better insight into Edwards’s lifestyle, but only after much soul-searching on Maggie’s part. Maggie faced a dueling challenge because of her religious beliefs and was in serious conflict with her grandson’s homosexual orientation. At one point, Maggie tries blaming herself for Edward being gay, but soon came to realize that she was very good to him, and did the best that she could do to raise him right. She then turned the blame on Edward for not keeping in touch with her over the years, and not acknowledging that she was still a part of his life. “But before she could make up her mind to find him and confront him with her fury; a truck would have the audacity to skid into her grandchild’s car, and end his life at twenty-seven, taking the opportunity away from her forever” (Kenan152 ). This part of the book clearly expresses the pain that Maggie is going through losing Edward. Reflecting back to her religious beliefs, Maggie soon finds herself, no longer blaming Edward, but Gabriel instead. At the funeral, Gabriel offered his condolences to her, and at that moment, Maggie looks back on her religious beliefs and how she grew up, and the behavior of it all appalls her. “How dare he throw his sinful lust for her grandbaby in her face? Now this abomination had to be flaunted” (Kenan 153). Maggie’s feelings didn’t stop Gabriel, and he stays in attempt to give her a better understanding of it all. They began to grow close to one another, and Maggie starts to understand that Edwards’s lifestyle was who he was. In the last few pages of the book, Kenan finally brings in the racial aspect to the story. After...