History of Western Society Ch 13 Outline

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History of Western Society Sixth Edition

Chapter 13 Outline
I. The Evolution of the Italian Renaissance
A. Economic growth laid the material basis
1. Cultural achievements of the 14th to 16th centuries
2. Northern Italian cities led the way
3. Advances in ship construction greatly increased the volume of goods that could be transported; improvements in the mechanics of sailing accelerated speed 4. Italian renaissance appeared in Florence

5. The economic foundations of Florence was so strong that even severe crisis could not destroy the city 6. Driving enterprise, technical know-how, and competitive spirit saw Florence through the difficult economic period of the late 14th century B. Communes and Republics

1. The Northern Italian cities were communes, sworn associations 2. Groups tied by blood, economic interests, and social connections 3. A properly qualification, years of residence within the city, and social connections 4. In the 15th century, political power and elite culture entered on the princely courts of despots and oligarchs C. The Balance of Power Among the Italian City States

1. Passionate attachment to their individual city states
2. The kingdom of Naples had long been disputed by the Aragonese and by the French. 3. In the peace treaty signed at Lodi in 1454, Venice received territories in return for recognizing Sforza’s right to the duchy 4. Renaissance Italians invented the machinery of modern diplomacy 5. In a number of fiery sermons between 1491 and 1494, Savonarola attacked what he considered the paganism and moral vice of the city 6. The invasion of Italy in 1494 by the French king Charles VIII 7. In 1508 his cousin and heir, Louis XII, formed the league of Cambrai II. Intellectual Hallmarks of the Renaissance

A. The Renaissance was characterized by self-conscious awareness among the 14th and 15th century Italians 1. Francesco Petrarch (1304-1374) considered the...
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