History of State and Federal Prisons

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The histories of the state and federal prison systems have some connections which both systems has something distinctive. The State is usually operated by the state governments and consists of prisoners that are considered blue collar criminals and the federal systems are mainly associated with white collar criminals. Both prison systems have security levels which include minimum, low, medium, and high levels of security. To learn the knowledge of the history about federal prison in so many different books it gives me the ability to learn more on when and how they were originated. Before the federal prisons were created they depended on the state and local levels to house there prisoners. The Federal Bureau Of Prisons confines felons convicted of federal crimes and houses pretrial defendants in federal jails in several large cities (Foster, 2006). The beginning of the federal system was in the 1890s and did not come about until president Hoover in the year 1930 signed a bill that gave the federal prison system permission to establish a building for the federal facilities. This became the first federal U.S. Penitentiary in Leavenworth, Kansas and was created in an old military prison.

The state prison systems of today were founded on the nineteenth-century penitentiary, which was itself based on the legal reforms of the eighteenth-century Age of Enlightenment (Foster, 2006). Most of the states actually begin with one state prison and now each state consists of more than 20 state facilities the state of Texas consist of 100 facilities. In the beginning of the state facilities they were based on the Auburn model and then proceeded on to have special needs which were woman and the younger offenders. The State facilities also had halfway houses for the offenders that were addicted to drugs and alcohol and these houses helped the offenders through hard times.

Debbie Dennis
References: The Fundamentals, by Burk Foster. Published by Prentice-Hall. Copyright ©...
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