University of Phoenix Material
History of Community Nursing Matrix
Complete the matrix with the following concepts, and relate the concepts to two different periods of time in history and the present time: • • Describe each period briefly. Clarify the differences during each period with public health nursing and community health nursing. Describe the key health issues. Identify community health partnerships used during this period of time. Describe how Watson’s Theory of Human Transpersonal Caring is related. Historical time period Past period 1 Colonial period America 1600 - 1700 Nursing role in community Female head of household took care of everyone with any sickness they may have. They were also responsible for collection herbs used to help the healing process. Major health issues Smallpox, yellow fever, cholera, typhoid, and typhus were major health issues during this time period. Partnerships used Early colonial public health efforts included the collection of vital statistics, improved sanitation, and control of any communicable diseases introduced through seaports (Lancaster & Stanhope, 2008). Watson’s theory A nurse is able to detect the other person’s condition of being (Watson, 1985). The theory relates to this time period since it was essential for the female head of the household to recognize an illness. In a way, these women were diagnosing and treating their sick family members. The caring model or theory can also be considered a philosophical and moral/ethical foundation for
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Past period 2
Industrial Revolution America 1850-1900
Hospitals were needed and obviously nurses were required. Schools were started to train nurses to help treat sick people.
Urbanization caused poor sanitation in the big cities of America. Many communicable diseases affected
Nursing interventions, improved sanitation, economic improvements, and better nutrition...