History: Modern America

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* Primary Source- a document or artifact that was produced at the moment that an even happened (ex. Newspaper, note, etc.) * Secondary Source- a book or article that was produced after the event (ex. Textbooks, etc.) * 5 Step Process To Analyzing A Source:

* read the source for basic info (5 w’s)
* put the source into context (ask what do you know)
* do a close reading (take notes)
* corroborate/compare w. another source
* analyze & write a story about the past
* Reconstruction- the period when the federal gov’t tried to put the union back together (1865-1877) * Civil war (1861-1865)
* South left the union because they didn’t like the slave laws * Brought an end to slavery (emancipation proclamation) * Political reintegrated the south into the inion
* Confederate states had to meet certain conditions to get back into the states Guarantee African American citizenship & civil rights
Freedom from slavery was not the same as liberty
* Black Liberty & White Resistance
* Freedmen: former slave
* Liberty from the emancipation
* Political freedom- the right to vote, hold office, serve on a jury, the right to free speech. * Economic freedom- the right to be paid for your labor; having a wage; the right to choose where you work; the right to own land, business & property. * Social freedom- the right to be educated; the right to live & travel wherever; the right to practice religion. * The ability to make decisions on your personal relationships, can choose who to marry, can control the future of your family * The right to congregate and protest

* White Responses To Black Liberty
* Found it difficult to accepts black liberty
* Northerners felt that slavery should not be in place * During reconstruction, white southerners tried to reestablish slavery * Black Code- laws passed by the southern states after the civil war (1865-1866). Restricted freedmen’s rights by controlling black labor, limiting political rights, & social choices. * Tried to reestablish slavery

* Couldn’t do anything without permission
* Attempt to stop congregation
* All in fear against the blacks and a rebellion
* Intimidation and Violence
* Klu Klux Klan- paramilitary white supremacist group formed in TN in 1866 by confederate veterans. They used violence and intimidation to limit black freedoms to discourage blacks from embracing their new rights, * Federal Gov’t Intervention & Abandonment

* Sends the US military into the south to protect the black rights, outlawed the black codes, starts trying to guarantee education to blacks, protect blacks voting rights & political participation, tries to limit white violence and intimidation. * In 1870 the gov’t starts to back off because they get distracted by other political & economic issues. * Northerners thought they helped the freemen enough

* 1877; the gov’t completely stopped
* black rights began disappearing & white southerners used Jim Crow Laws * Rise of the Jim Crow- a system of racial segregation & black disenfranchisement (removal of rights) in the south. Lasted late (1870s-1960s) * Law- 1881 TN blacks and whites had to sit in different railroad cars * Segregated everything

Denied blacks their civil rights
Restricted black political participation
Literacy tests; was bad for poor whites who couldn’t get enough money to pay for the test or afford education to pass the tests Black voting came to a hault by the 1900s
Regulated black work
Unequal education
Lynching- brutal torture & murder of a person often by a mob (ex. Hung, burned, etc.) white men vs. black men. To discourage black southerners for putting forth their political rights Black southerners left the south to get away from the laws

They...
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