In India 69 crore(6.9 billion) people belong to 15-60 year age group. This is the working age group. Growth of any nation depends on its youth. It is possible only if the youth get proper education. Higher education plays a key role to produce Good engineers, doctors, administrators, artists etc.
Today, we have 16 IIT’s, 30 NIT’s, 13 IIM’s and around 550 universities in all over India. But still the nomination rate in higher education is only 13%. In developed countries this rate is approximately 57%. Our government is spending 0.7% of its GDP on education and 19% of education expenditure is for higher education. But our educational institutes are passing through the lack of quality. Our 25% engineers and managers are not suitable for industry and market.
More than 90% of our private institutes are not providing standard level of education.
In such situations we can have following solutions-
1. Concentrating on enhancing the capabilities and approach of students by introducing research oriented facilities.
2. The privatization is necessary to increase the number of graduates. If we want to increase our nomination rate to 20% till 2020 in, it is necessary to invest Rs. 5 lakh crore. So we need the help from private sector but there should be no compromise with quality of education. We have seen the negative impact of privatization, that it has converted the education to the business. So there should be some strict policies to control this problem also.
3. It needs to link the education with Society and Industry in more compact way.
4. We need the Distributed development of education system by opening good colleges in rural and backward areas of the nation also.
5. There should be the option to get the technical education in Hindi and other Indian languages also.
6. It is require to provide the honourable environment for each stream, subject or field...