A Critical Analysis of education system in Pakistan

Topics: Education, Higher education, School Pages: 6 (2333 words) Published: September 30, 2013
A Critical Analysis of Education System Of 

Pakistan

Currently the education system of Pakistan is flaw full. Today education of good quality is only accessible to the elite class. It is because of the private sector has overwhelmingly dominated.Public sector education is of low quality due to lack of accountability, small buget and less number of educational institutions. peripheral areas are totally ignored in education. Lack of qualified and trained staff is also a reason for poor education system.A little qualified people who come out of this system are never encouraged. That is why people always look abroad for proper education and good life. Most important problem with our educational system is lack of a single, uniform and proper educational system. We do not have a workable education system. There are mainly two types of education system in our country, one for common people and one for elite class.the education system for common people is divided into primary level, middle, secondary ,higher secondary and university level.then there is second education system specially designed for an elite class. That is A-level and O-level education system and then there are many resources available for elite class to go abroad for higher education. There is a vast difference between the quality of these two different forms of educational system. The elite class education system is better then the other one. Obviously elite is the minor proportion of population, thus overall system is poor for education. Similarly as the government has failed to improve public sector education that is why the private sector has over dominated the education system of Pakistan. Today all parents want to send there children to a private school, for example beacon house school system is so much successful in Pakistan for maintaining quality of education. The only problem with this education system is their fee and curriculum. High fee makes this education out of reach of common people and only elite can afford such education.Private educational is system is much popular in Pakistan that private school enroll about 31¬ % of students at basic level.In urban areas the ratio is a bait more high where 51% are enrolled in private institutions and 49% enroll in public sector education intstitutions.Most of countries do not rely on private sector for their education but Netherlands and Libya get 60% of their education from private sector. The reason is their strong hold on the fee and curriculum of private sector that is why the private sector s workable in these countries. Another problem with our education system is the allocation of low funds for education in our country. In the fiscal budget of 2012 which was 2.6 billion, the budget for Public Sector Development Project (PSDP) was only Rs 870 million. Education department comes in PSDP so this budget is not sufficient. Government of Pakistan allocates 1.5-2 % of education which is not enough for education to work properly. The total GDP for education department in any country should be 7% of total to grow smoothly. It is not the only problem with funds there is another problem which is bad management of these low funds given for education. It is a dilemma that most of the fund is wasted in this way by spending most of the fund on repairing the buildings and forming useless buildings. It is education which needs to be improved not the infrastructure. One more problem with the finance for education is lack of accountability. There is no check and balance and no gatekeepers for the whole management of the funds for education. The old traditional system of distribution of funds for different universities still exists as it was sixty years ago. According to the director of Teaching Development Centre (TDC), it is not the low budget which is the main problem,the real problem is the lack of accountability. If only the 25% of the allocated budget is used properly the progress will be clearly visible....
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