High School and Basic Education

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I. Introduction

The K-12 education system is the public education system that most people are familiar with today. Comprised of 13 grades, kindergarten through 12th, it refers to the public school system in all of the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, and parts of Europe as well. It is difficult to pinpoint the exact history of education, as it has been occurring in some form for centuries in all parts of the world. The K-12 Program has been initiated by the Aquino administration where students will have to undergo a new system of education. The Enhanced K+12 Basic Education Program is a DepEd program that will improve the standard of education and give more opportunities for graduating students. The K to 12 Program covers Kindergarten and 12 years of basic education (six years of primary education, four years of Junior High School, and two years of Senior High School [SHS]) to provide sufficient time for mastery of concepts and skills, develop lifelong learners, and prepare graduates for tertiary education, middle-level skills development, employment, and entrepreneurship. Moreover, the program aims to uplift the quality of education in the Philippines in order for graduates to be easily employed. The program also aims to meet the standards required for professionals who would want to work abroad. Now this is for the schools that don’t offer 7th grade in Elementary.

Last school year 2012, Philippine education officially implemented the K-12 curriculum. Everyone knows the country (in public schools preferably) is drastically left behind in terms of curriculum adjustments. Grade 1 entrants in SY 2012–2013 are the first batch to fully undergo the program, and current 1st year Junior High School students (or Grade 7) are the first to undergo the enhanced secondary education program.

The implementation of the K- 12 education plan in the Philippine Basic Education Curriculum is the key to our nation’s development. Though the government will face many problems in the long run of the implementation of the program, there really is a need to implement it because the enhancement of the quality of our education is very urgent and critical.

II. Collection & Analysis of Data
a) Social and Cultural Forces
A 12-year program is found to be the adequate period for learning under basic education. It is also a standard for recognition of students and/or professionals abroad (i.e. the Bologna Process for the European Union and the Washington Accord for the United States). The Philippines is the last country in Asia and one of only three countries (Angola and Djibouti) worldwide with a 10-year pre-university cycle. The graduates of this program will be more prepared to enter the labor force. High school graduates are younger than 18 years old and lack basic competencies and maturity. They cannot legally enter into contracts and are not emotionally mature for entrepreneurship/employment. The program aims to uplift the quality of education in the Philippines in order for graduates to be easily employed. The program also aims to meet the standards required for professionals who would want to work abroad.

Learning Resources for Teachers & Students for Grds. 2 & 8 being developed

b) Technological Forces
DepEd shall engage in partnerships with the colleges, universities, and Technical-Vocational Institutions (TVI) to use their existing facilities and teaching staffs. The current curriculum has been enhanced and has been given more focus to allow mastery of learning. With the continuous increase of the DepEd budget, more teachers are being hired to fill all necessary gaps in schools. To aid transition, hiring of (1) graduates of Science, Mathematics, Statistics, Engineering, and other specialists in subjects with a shortage of qualified Licensure Examination for Teachers (LET) applicants, (2) graduates of Technical-Vocational courses, (3) Higher Education Institution faculty, and (4) Practitioners...
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