Grand Canyon University: NRS 429
December 9, 2012
Review of Literature
In this paper, the writer will discuss on the usefulness of applying a heritage assessment in assessing the needs of persons as a whole, three different family’s opinions on health maintenance, health protection and health restoration. Moreover, the writer will identify health traditions as regards to cultural heritage of the writer, then how the three families interviewed in this paper practice their traditions and how important their rituals and practices are to them. The Usefulness of Applying a Heritage Assessment
“Heritage is the full range of the people inherited traditions, monuments, objects, and culture. Most important, it is the range of contemporary activities, meanings, and behaviors that people draw from them” (Umass Amherst Center for Heritage & Society, n.d.). “Culture is shaped by values, beliefs, and norms, and practices that are shared by members of the same cultural group” (Edelman & Mandle, 2010). Cultural heritage plays a key role in person’s financial, and well-being. The heritage assessment tool assists nurses to identify and view at individual’s culture as well as traditional health ways to conserve, protect and restore health. Heritage assessment is an imperative move approaching framework considerate of cultural competency, a prodigy that determined diversity both in phonological and cultural proficiency by the health care providers. “Cultural competency refers to the ability of nurses to understand and accept the cultural backgrounds of individuals and provide care that best meets the person’s needs—not the nurses” (Edelman & Mandle, 2010). In addition, this heritage assessment will assist the writer and the nurses be aware of own self heritage culture.
Arabic population was commonly arranged and led by families or tribes and the family remains an imperative institution. “Families are generally patrilineal. This means that children strongly identify with the lineage of the father, and the paternal relatives hold primary responsibility for the children” (Ahmad, 2004). Their customs are focus on sociability about food, family and friends. “Religion plays an important part in Arab culture and there are dietary rules and prescribed rituals for praying and washing” (Edelman & Mandle, 2010). Among orthodox Muslims, pursuing a halal (Muslim Diet), which restricts some type of meat like pork and medications foods that contain alcohol. For example, the nurse happens to take care a diabetic Muslim patient who is refusing to take insulin or hospital serve patient’s meals that contain Pork or pigs products. In addition, when serving food or drink to Muslim patients in the hospital, healthcare workers need to allow them to receive all food in their right hand. Muslims recognize the left hand unclean since it is use to cleanse oneself after going to the bathroom. These are some important that the nurses need to be aware of when taking care Muslim patients. For the maintenance of health mostly by proper diet intake which is everything but no pork and also abstaining from alcohol is mandatory. For the health care provider, it is so important to know about the patient’s cultural belief about the health care. The nurses have to let the physician and other nurses about the patient’s cultural and religion. So the nurses and others will provide a safe patient care. For the protection of health, people have many traditional practices. The Arab medicine believes that the sickness was secondary on the element of equilibrium of the exposed individual. “[Islamic medicine followed the system of humoral pathology developed by Hippocrates. This healing system envisions the body in terms of humors-blood, phlegm, yellow bile, and black bile, corresponding to the elements of the natural world-fire, air, water, and earth. Each body humor possesses two...