Henry Hudson's first voyage in 1607 was to find a way through the North Pole to Japan and China. A theory of his day was that the temperature got warmer the further north one sailed, because of the continual sunshine. He thought he would hit open water, because the sun would melt the ice at the poles, he was wrong. However, he did help the English whaling industry, by discovering pods of whales at Spitzbergen Island. His second voyage in 1608, he was looking for a Northeast Passage through the North Pole just north of Russia, again he was unsuccessful. On his third voyage in 1609, he was hired by the Dutch to find the Northeast Passage, but his crew almost mutiny, so he explored the northeast coast of America. This is when he discovered a wide mouth of a river. This river was eventually name after him. He hoped the river would be a way to the Pacific Ocean. This would later be an important discovery for the Dutch when they settled there. He was the first European to record the discovery of the area today known as New York City. In 1610, Henry Hudson sailed on his fourth and final voyage. He was hired by an English company to seek a Northwest Passage.... [continues]
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