Health&Social Care Revision Unit 4

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Unit 4 Notes
Needs
Infancy
Physical
* Newborn babies are completely dependent on their parents or carers to protect them from harm, feed them, and make sure they get enough rest and keep warm and clean. Intellectual
* Infants depend on their parents and carers to stimulate them with words, toys and books. Emotional
* Bonding with parents or carers in the first year of life, through being loved and encouraged, creates a safe and stable relationship enabling the person to make effective relationships later in life. Social

* Care practitioners follow a range of policies, procedures and guidelines to help them implement the care values in their work. * Parents or carers who help an infant develop routines and meet other people, and encourage them to play with others, are building the foundations for the infant to know how to behave to get on well with others in later life stages. Childhood

Physical
* Children need to be provided with opportunities to learn new physical skills and improve existing ones, through play: for example, by skipping, running and jumping. Intellectual
* They need more advanced toys and books and more stimulating and new experiences, as well as being taught new skills such as letter and number recognition. Emotional
* Although children will want to try new things, they still need their parents or carers to respect, encourage and love them, and depend on them to be there for them, to provide guidance and supervision. Social

* Children continue to develop routines, but need opportunities to meet more people and play and learn with others, so they feel part of a group. Adolescence
Physical
* Adolescents need help to cope as they go through puberty and deal with all changes to their bodies that this involves. They also need to keep fit, keep them clean and to be encouraged to follow a balanced diet. Intellectual

* Young people need good educational opportunities, as well as varied experiences, such as the cinema, theatre, museums, travel and even work, to increase their knowledge and understanding of the world. Emotional

* Adolescents need to experience more intimate relationships, learn about their sexuality and, respect others and develop the confidence to become less dependent on their parents and carers. Social

* It is important to develop recreational skills, to have different opportunities to meet people and gain the respect and approval of their peers. Adults
Physical
* Adults continue to develop new practical skills, such as those needed for work and leisure, and most now have a regular sex life. Many women will give birth and all women go through the menopause. Intellectual

* Adults need to continue to develop their knowledge and understanding: for example, through courses and work. Emotional
* Adults need to learn to cope with their feelings as they develop relationships (some of which will fail) and face all the other events that happen during adulthood. Social
* As adults pass through the different stages of adulthood, their social needs will change: for example, from going out often with friends, to stopping more in more often because of having young children, so inviting friends round instead.

Later Adulthood
Physical
* Many older adults are still fit and healthy, but eventually their bodies start to wear out, so they may need to be helped with everyday activities: for example, washing, feeding and going to bed. Intellectual

* Older adults need to continue to stimulate their brains, reading books, watching television, and so on, to keep their minds alert. Emotional
* Older adults need to be allowed their dignity, to be respected and to cope with loss of family and friends. Social
* Older adults need opportunities to socialise with others or they become socially isolated. Life course events
* Life course events are important things that happen to people during their lifetime. These experiences,...
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