Margaret Brzoza Lauer
Grand Canyon University: NRS 429v
October 16, 2011
Health Promotion in Nursing Care
The three levels of health promotion and prevention are primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention education. Primary health care promotion focuses on making individuals, families, and communities aware of health related issues and provides education on alternatives for a healthy lifestyle. Secondary health care promotion provides the screening necessary to identify health problems and provides information on changes that can be made to reduce the risk of chronic health problems. Tertiary promotion of health care focuses on management of the chronic disease, so that a greater quality of life can be obtained. Health promotion should support commitment and modification in the individuals, families, and communities encouraging them to be constructive with the changes that will promote healthy behaviors for a life time as well as improving the literacy of health. The World Health Organization defines health promotion as the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve their health. The purpose of health promotion is to provide people with information that will enable them to make educated and informed decisions about their health. According to Bennett (2009), there are five approaches to promoting health: medical, behavioral, educational, empowerment and social change. The medical approach centers itself on the treatment and prevention of illness while behavior change uses persuasive education and facilitation to assist patients to make healthy lifestyle choices. The educational approach respects a patient’s right to make an informed choice. The empowerment approach is a patient centered approach where the patient identifies their own learning needs to gain the knowledge and skills required to make a change and social change focuses is on a society not an individual. It is also recommended that a...