Health Promotion among Diverse Populations
Lisa A. Jennings
Grand Canyon University: NRS-429V
January 25, 2015
Hispanics are the largest and fastest growing ethnic minority group and there are estimated to be about 54 million living in the United States (Office of Minority Health & Health Equity, YEAR). The Hispanics are a minority group that struggle every day to survive, to provide for their families, to stay healthy and to live quality lives. This paper will discuss the Hispanics current health status, how health promotion is defined by the Hispanics and what health disparities exist for the Hispanics. Lastly, this paper will discuss the three levels of health prevention and their effectiveness given the unique needs of the Hispanics. The Current Health Status of Hispanics
How would one define health status? An individual health status could be defined by someone observing another and gathering information about that person and coming to a conclusion on the facts that were gathered. It is much harder to define the health status of a population. One way to define the health status of an entire population would be to consider the health of the population, their lifespan, the extensiveness of preventable diseases or deaths and the availability of health services that can be used as an indication of their health status (National Center for Health Statistics: Health). Some health problems that the Hispanics face today are heart disease, stroke, diabetes, chronic liver disease, cancer, asthma, obesity and tobacco use. Cardiac disease is the main cause of death for all ethnic groups in the United States and some risk factors include obesity, hypertension, diabetes, and smoking. In comparing the Hispanics to non-Hispanic white people, Hispanics have higher rates of diabetes and obesity, whereas, they have lower rates of smoking than that of non-Hispanic white people (Escarce, Morales, Rumbaut, 2006).
The socioeconomic status of the Hispanic also plays a role in their health status. The Hispanics socioeconomic status is their social standing which can be evaluated by their education, by how much money they make and by what type of work they do. The socioeconomic status determines who they are as a person, a community or a population. This writer believes that the Hispanics health status and their socioeconomic status go hand in hand. If they are unable to obtain stable high paying jobs, then they are unable to provide for their families or obtain good medical care for themselves. How do we as healthcare workers incorporate health promotion within the Hispanic community? Hispanics and Health Promotion
Health promotion is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as the process which helps people take control over the determining factors of their health which in turn will help to improve their health. With multiple determining factors of health, health promotion means working between the community and health care professionals to effectively educating the Hispanics (Journal of Cultural Diversity, 2012). “Health promotion is carried out by and with people, not on or to people” (Journal of Cultural Diversity, 2012). We as educators must have respect and not discriminate against the Hispanic population but work with them to teach them how to live healthier lives. Healthy People 2020 states that it is their dream to have a culture where all people live long, healthy lives. Health promotion means addressing the health disparities of the Hispanics so they can experience positive health outcomes.
Health Disparities of the Hispanics
Fear is the biggest health disparity among the Hispanic community. Fear involves three areas which are: expenses, language barriers, and discrimination and immigration status; and cultural disconnect (Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice, 2013). They face the fear of having to choose between paying for a doctor or...
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