May 10, 2012
Diabetes type II is a chronic disease defined as high glucose levels in the blood as a result of little or no insulin production by the pancreas. According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, “Diabetes is rank as the seventh leading causes of death and disability in the United States. Diabetes is also one of the main leading causes of kidney failure, lower extremities amputation, blindness and heart diseases such as strokes” (CDC, 2011). This chronic disease affects different age groups, ethnicity, gender and sex; however, Latinos or Hispanic are at a higher risk of developing Diabetes Type II. It is estimated that 10.4 percent of Latinos or Hispanics are likely to develop Diabetes Type II at the age of 20 or older. The Hispanic population accounts for 13.6% of the population in the United States, accounting for the largest minority group in the United States (Anonymous, 2005). Diabetes has an effect on the health care market. This chronic disease, accounts for most hospitalizations, and increase in health care cost, and long-term disability. In a recent study conducted by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) 830,000 of the Hispanic population in California was found to have the highest rate of Diabetes Type II between the ages of 18 to 44 years of age. More than half of this population is not aware they have the disease. This number is expected to increase as the Hispanic population continues to grow. The young Hispanic populations identified with Diabetes Type II were overweight, had family history of Diabetes, and had a low level of education; less than a high school diploma. If more than half of the population doesn’t know that they have it, they are most likely going to end up needing a higher level of care when they become sick. Complications of the disease are costly also. A chronic disease such as Diabetes Type II may affect health...