18th July, 2012
Health Care Reform
1) Health care reforms are expected to solve health care challenges and issues through different ways, including addressing the issue of obesity, rationing of care, insurance reforms, and shortage of medical practitioners to provide quality and reliable services. i) President Obama’s health care reforms
(a) President Obama proposed electronic record-keeping, decrease in defensive medicine, and better classification and communication of highest affordable treatments. ii) Latest health care reform
(b) The Supreme Court ruled that a massive extension of Medicaid envisaged in the health care reform was an option, not an order, for all states in America. iii) Cost and efficiency
(c) Greater percentage of GDP in the United States is allocated to health care system. iv) Lowering obesity
(d) Prevention of overweight and obesity offers a major chance to decrease expenses. v) Insurance reforms
(e) Consumers who choose more expensive programs would pay the related greater premiums according to their choices of insurance or services. vi) Rationing of care
(f) Peter Singer argued that health care system in America is under rationing and suggested for advanced rationing procedures. vii) Shortage of doctors and nurses
(g) Despite the costs that will be allocated to these initiatives, the outcome will be desirable and unavoidable.
Health care reform has remained to be an issue in the United States for the first time since 1994, when President Clinton proposed major reforms, there is provable consideration in reforming health care in America. Research reported some constant challenges where unions of all influences are providing their own positions on the issue. Political activists and leaders are presenting concerns and solutions about these issues surrounding health care system. Some states have implemented different health care reforms and other states are on their way doing the same. Interest in health care reforms is determined by three major issues, such as medical cover, cost, spending, and quality of health care services. With reference to coverage, it is estimated that above 50 million people were uninsured in 2007 and this makes up above one-seventh of the total population (Garber & Skinner 28). The figure of uninsured population may have been increased by recession. Proposed reform favors private insurance and coverage under government medical plans to help people receive essential care and reduce difficulties paying for health care they obtain. In June 2012, the Supreme Court greatly legalized the President Obama’s extensive health care service, the Affordable care Act, in varied decisions that Court viewers were speeding up to analyze. Another issue is cost and spending since the costs increase for almost everybody in unanticipated and irregular change. The affected people are employees, taxpayers, health care providers, retirees, and employers. Costs are major basis of concern for families that are preparing for retirement or where somebody is severely sick. National health care expenditure currently surpasses $2.5 trillion and this makes up around 18% of the GDP (Gross Domestic product) and expenditure has increased from around 13% of GDP in 1990 (Groszkruger 25). The third concern addresses quality of health care. Even though the United States allocates significantly more on health issues per individual than any other developed country, it is considered average or relatively worse on different qualities of care measures. Medication and medical issues hurt several people yearly and they can lead to death. Although the above issues raise major challenges, the proposed reforms are considered effective in solving the current issues...