Health and Social Care Unit 19

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BTEC National Diploma in Health and Social Care
Assignment 1, Unit 19
Sociology,
Georgina Reed

Introduction

In this assignment I will be explaining the concept of an unequal society, be describing social inequalities that exist in society, also I will be discussing the impact of social inequalities on groups in society. Finally I will evaluate the impact of social inequalities in society.

P1

We live in a society that is very unequal, in a way that people get treated differently depending on their social class, race or gender. Social inequality means the situation in which individual groups in a society do not have equal social status, social class or social circle. Clear boundaries in society are made that prevents individuals from reaching equal status regardless of their work. This is called social mobility. Social mobility is the ability to move up or down the social scale for example the daughter of an unskilled worker is successful at college, this leads her to university, then she is qualified as a professional social worker. She has made a success of her life and earns vastly more than her parents did. Inequality emerges with each and every interaction, this is because individuals possess qualities which may be better or worse than others, this includes intelligence and beauty, we choose to compare ourselves with others. The uks professions are doctors, lawyers, teachers and armed services, they make an enormous contribution to our society and are also central to our economic future. One of many restrictions of an unequal society is the military. Women aren’t allowed to serve on the front line, more jobs are open to woman than 20 years ago but most positions will still remain exclusive to men. This is unequal in society and discrimination against gender as men don’t think women have the physical /emotional ability to do the job where as men do.

P2

Social inequality is the lack of equality in our society. We have many different social classes that we group people into based on many different factors. These social groups include, social class, age, gender, culture, ethnicity, disability and sexuality. Social factors are ways in which people are diverse from each other and have the risk of discrimination. It influences on individual behaviour attributable to the social values or behaviour of the groups to which an individual belongs, sociological factors usually take many forms and may help explain why human behaviour goes wrong or right.

Ethnicity- people understand themselves as been black, white or asian. Assumptions about ethnic characteristics can lead to discrimination for example, police have a reputation of been racist, if there was an attack in a certain area the police would automatically stop a mixed race lad just because of the colour of his skin, they presume all mixed race lads are the same.

Gender- people are classified as male or female, men generally have more rights than woman in certain situations such as work. If a man and a woman applied for the same job role in the army the man would be seen more fit, therefore he would be given the job. These assumptions about gender still leads to discrimination/ prejudice

Sexuality- many people see there sexual orientation as very important to understanding who they are. Gay and lesbian relationships are often discriminated against. Heterosexual people may judge others as abnormal. For example 2 individuals go to the same interview. The employer wont employ the homosexual as he is against it, this would mean the man is being discriminated against because of his sexuality.

Age- people identify others by age groups, children, teenagers, young adults, middle age and older people. Some age groups may be seen as better than others. Jobs are more likely to employ younger people than older people as they think younger people have more ability to do things. This can lead to prejudice and discrimination.

Social class- people differ...
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