Gsm Based Home Security System

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  • Topic: Voltage regulator, Relay, Output
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  • Published : February 19, 2013
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GSM BASED HOME SECURITY SYSTEM
A PROJECT REPORT Submitted by

PRACHI NANDA (A1607107098) BHAVUK PUJARA (A1607107049)
In partial fulfillment for the award of the degree Of

BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY
In

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMUNICATION AMITY INSTITUTE OF TELECOM TECHNOLOGY & MANAGEMENT

AMITY UNIVERSITY UTTAR PRADESH

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BONAFIDE CERTIFICATE

Certified that this project report GSM BASED HOME SECURITY SYSTEM is the Bonafide work of PRACHI NANDA and BHAVUK PUJARA - who carried out the project work under my guidance.

SIGNATURE

SIGNATURE

HEAD OF THE DEPARTMENT ( Col. R.K. Kapur )

PROJECT GUIDE ( Mr. Pardeep Kumar )

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ABSTRACT

The final year project aims at exposing the students undergoing higher technical studies to the thoughts and logic that must be developed to ensure that one is able to integrate his/her ideas into something concrete. This generally is initiated by the inception of an idea or a concept, which not only aims at developing a product (Hardware or Software), but also the in-depth study of the earlier existing products in the same category and their deficiencies. Accordingly an approach is taken to propose a solution, which is better from the previous ones in one respect or the other. With the same approach in mind, we, the final year students of Bachelor of Technology (Electronics and Telecommunication), have taken up the ADVANCE GSM BASED HOME SECURITY SYSTEM as our final year project. Automated security systems are a useful addition to today’s home where safety is an important issue. Vision-based security systems have the advantage of being easy to set up, inexpensive and non-obtrusive. Home security system for detecting an intrusion into a monitored area by an infrared detector. A security system has a flee-standing intrusion detector. The free standing intrusion detector has a transmitter coupled with a portable receiver to alert a homeowner that an intrusion has taken place or occurred within a pre-set time period. 3

ACKNOWLEGDEMENTS

It is our proud privilege to have Mr. Pardeep Kumar as our mentor for this project, GSM based home security system. He has been an immense help to us since the beginning of the project. He guided us at tough times and helped us achieve this goal. We are very thankful to him for his help and support. We would also like to extend our thanks to our H.O.D, Col. R.K. Kapur for his undying faith in us and making us believe in ourselves. His guidance has been the reason we could complete this project.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

TITLE

PAGE NO.

1. INTRODUCTION………….…………………………07 2. GENERAL DESCRIPTION………………………….09 3. INTEGRATION ARCHITECTURE…………………11 4. COMPONENTS USED………………………………12 5. BRIEF ABOUT THE COMPONENTS………………13 5.1 Printed Circuit Board……………………..……..13 5.2 8051 Microcontroller……………………..……..14 5.2.a Pin Diagram…………......................15 5.2.b I/O Ports…………………………….19 5.2.c Internal Block Diagram……………..21 5.2.d Memory Architecture……………….22 5.3 Transformer…………….……………………….. 27 5.4 Voltage regulator……………….…………………28 5.5 Electrolytic Capacitors.………..………………….29 5.6 Liquid Crystal Display.…..……………………….29 5.7 Light Emitting Diode.……..………………………31 5.8 Sensors…………….…….………………………...32 5.8.a 5.8.b 5.8.c Fire Alarms………………..……....32 Burglar Alarms………..…………..33 Gas Sensing Electrode.……………34 5

5.9 PVC Wires………………….………….…………34 5.10 Relays………………………………………….. 35 5.11 GSM Antenna…………..………………………37 6. 8051 PROGRAMMING ……………………………...38 7. CHARACTERISTICS & STRENGTHS OF THE PROJECT……………….…………………………...…45 8. APPLICATIONS………………………………………46 9. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE WORK……….…….48 10. REFERENCES…………………….……..…………..49

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1. INTRODUCTION

In today’s age of digital technology and intelligent systems, home automation has become one of the fastest developing application-based technologies in the world. The idea of comfortable living in home has since changed for the past decade as digital, vision and wireless technologies are integrated into it....
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