Aim of Group Counseling
Group counseling is a form of therapy, which posits that people from shared experiences. Usually it is focused on a particular issue. Process of Group Counseling
A therapist (or two) usually facilitates the contributions from the members of the group. Their aim is to steer the experience so as to effect interpersonal change. This is because they believe that most people only use a small percentage of their capabilities but that within a group experience, they can recognize their full potential. In order to achieve that, the group has to go through five stages. Stages of Groups
Stage One (Orientation/Forming): Group members become oriented to the group and to each other. Stage Two (Transition/Storming): Anxiety and ambiguity become prevalent as group members struggle to define themselves and group norms. This stage is often characterized by conflict. Stage Three (Cohesiveness/Norming): A therapeutic alliance forms between group members. Trust between members has been established. Stage Four (Working/Performing): Group members experiment with new ideas, behaviors or ways of thinking. Egalitarianism develops. Stage Five (Adjourning/Terminating): This is the time when the group disbands. As part of the assignment requirements, I will be looking in depth at techniques used in Stage 2 and 4. Before I get on task, it will be advantageous to understand the pros and cons of choosing group counseling, as the techniques will serve to maximize the pros and minimize the cons. Advantages
It provides a social atmosphere that is similar to the real world.
| Less individualized attention from the counselor.
| Members can test out and practice new behaviors.
| Confidentiality is more difficult to maintain.
| Members can practice new interpersonal skills.
| There are concerns with conformity and peer pressure.
| They are cost effective.
| Group leaders are not always properly trained.
| Groups help members see that they are not...
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