Green House Cultivation in Goa

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What is GH
House for protection against rains, sun, wind
under partial or fully controlled environmental conditions to get optimum growth and productivity.

to protect the plants from the adverse climatic conditions such as wind, cold, rains, excessive radiation, extreme temperature, insects and diseases. It is also of vital importance to create an ideal micro climate around the plants. Trap Carbon dioxide

key factors which may be controlled include temperature, levels of light and shade,  irrigation,fertilizer application, and atmospheric humidity. Types: Glasshouse, polyhouse, Shadenet house

Advantages of greenhouses :
The yield may be 10-12 times higher than that of outdoor cultivation Reliability of crop increases under greenhouse cultivation. year round production
Off-season production of vegetable and fruit crops.
Less use of land, pesticides, water, fertilisers etc. i.e. Efficient utilisation of chemicals, pesticides to control pest and diseases. Water requirement of crops very limited and easy to control. Production of quality produce free of blemishes.

GOA: Cost of labour is high in Goa, land is expensive, all land may not be productive, white collar job

Which crops can be grown in GH
Capsicum, Cucumber, Tomato, Muskmelon, etc

What is the cost of setting up GH and profits
Cost of GH- 6 lacs
Other costs 2 lacs for Irrigation, plants, bed preparation, fertlisers, pesticides etc Profit: 3000 plants per 1000 sqm, 5kg/plants 3000plants/1000 sqm Rs 26/- kg= Rs 3.9 lacs profit 1.9L

Subsidy
Upto 90% subsidy, Submit a proposal to ZAO, Back ended subsidy, project report

Technical expertise
Agri department, Plant suppliers, visit other GH in Maharashtra, progressive GH growers.

Marketing
Initially marketing was a problem but now Horticulture corporation, Buyback, fixed prices,

Problems
Backended subsidy, bank approval process, time consuming for sanction, Highly technical, personal attention, learning...
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