2. What is Globalisation all about?
3. What are the advantages of a global world?
4. What are the drawbacks of a global world?
5. Trade and Globalisation
6. Migration and Globalisation
As the subject for this Paper I choose Globalisation. The main reason for this choice is my fascination with the subject as well as the fact that in the last few years globalisation has become a much-discussed issue. In this Paper I will attempt to explain the meaning of the word globalisation and I will analyse the advantages and the drawbacks of a global world. Globalisation has changed the face of the world. Besides this, I will discuss the main changes in trade policies of globalisation. Finally, I will analyse the consequences for migration in a global world. I will end this Paper with a conclusion, gathering the main points of this paper.
2. What is Globalisation all about?
The term ‘A Global Village’ is mostly associated with Marshall McLuhan. In his books he describes how the world has contracted in to one big village. Global Village refers to the effects of globalisation, mass media, information and communication technology. According to this philosopher and sociologist, there will only be one main culture left in the world. The ability for someone to collect information very rapidly wherever they are, gives the impression that we live in the same virtual place, in the same village.
Globalisation is a phenomenon that started to appear at the end of the 19th century with the emergence of industrialisation. Products were produced on a bigger scale with export as a target. Globalisation is a situation by which economies, societies and cultures have become interconnected. The world is made a smaller place; distances are no longer an obstacle. Due to globalisation the borders between countries are disappearing.
When the word globalisation is used, we mostly refer to economic globalisation. The emergence of economic globalisation is mostly due to the creation of certain international organizations after World War 2. These organizations aim to eliminate borders between countries so as to facilitate trade and communication between those countries, thereby decreasing the chance of a future war. The advances in technology resulted in reductions in the cost of international trade. Many international organizations tried to reduce the barriers to international trade. Some important changes have been made concerning free trade, thanks to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT).
Another type of globalisation is cultural globalisation. With cultural globalisation we mean the spread of ideas, attitudes and values all over the world. The main causes for this phenomenon are the mass media and communication technology. Nowadays, the Internet provides us with all the answers we need about everything happening in the world, whereas newspapers provide us with information about different events all over the world. As a result, people are submerged with views, lifestyles and traditions from everywhere in the world. Since the emergence of globalisation, unknown cultures such as the Bushmen, have received some more attention in the world. However, this cultural globalisation may result in a disappearance of cultural diversity. Different cultures in the world may grow towards one common culture. And this culture would be characterised by a common language, sometimes known as Globish (Global English).
A third form of Globalisation is social globalisation. This refers to the impact of globalisation on the lives and work of people. Globalisation has a huge impact on employment in the world. Some people argue that globalisation is a solution to help reduce unemployment,...