May 5, 2011
Research P Draft # 1
Effects of Global Warming:
Life is a gift from God and we have to take care of it and the place where we live. The world we live on is at least 4.6 billion years old and has been changing in many ways (Chris Stassen). Before the industrial and technology age come to our word, everything was natural and clean, but the earth has been pushed to its limits and human race has forgotten to care of it. Now we have rivers and oceans contaminated. Cities with a lot pollution, many factories, refineries, deforestation, plants nuclear, toxic gases, etc. All those things have made the earth heat up (the temperature rises), and this is called Global Warming. It happens when greenhouse gases (carbon dioxide, water vapor, nitrous oxide, and methane) trap heat and light from the sun in the earth’s atmosphere, which increases the temperature by George Christodoulou. Now humans being are living with the effects of Global Warming. Those effects are affecting the weather, plants and animals, and an economy. About 20 years ago the earth has been suffering drastic climate changes due to global warming. These changes have caused much destabilization in the weather. Furthermore, these changes are due to that; the ozone layer has big holes. Those big holes are increasing the temperature of the earth because the sun’s rays came to the earth with more intensity. These high temperatures on the earth are making hotter days, rainfall, flood, wildfires, earthquakes, tornados F4 or F5, stronger hurricanes, droughts more severe, melting glaciers, and rise seas levels. As a result, each year those natural Phenomena are stronger and powerful causing many death and destructions. A lot intense climate is already occurring. Hurricanes have gotten power since 1970. Furthermore, densely populated coastal areas in cyclone-prone are most vulnerable. Hurricane Katrina was a example of that. Until 2004 cyclones were particularly a north -Atlantic Ocean case. Countries in Africa are having dryness and overflow regularly and before the known period. Elevated evaporation amount will originate a lot rain in some regions, soil erosion and desertification of other areas.(summary1). Soil erosion occurs when the soil is blown away or dragged by the rain. Soil erosion is normal in regions where trees have been cut, and in rural areas which are overpopulated. In addition, is a serious problem for countries who have wealthy agriculture such as Japan, China, USA, India because affect their crops . For example according to Xinhua News Agency erosion could be found in the 40% of China’s territory. Furthermore, the earth has several glaciers and ice sheets spread all over the world, but those glaciers and ice sheets have been melting because of global warming so that the sea levels are increasing. If sea levels rise, some cities and islands such as Mumbai, Florida, Maldives, Tuvalu, and Shanghai will be under the water. According to Nathalie Fiset, “By the end of the century, it is estimated that sea levels can increase from 4 inches to a high of about 40 inches if global warming continues unabated.” ( Fiset, 3).
Also global warming affects animal and plants. Those high temperatures on the earth are destroying their habitat, extinguishing gradually various species, their food sources have been disappearing, and altering flowering times. Moreover, changes in climate have made animals and plants adapt to different kind of weather and places because they have lost their natural habitat. While Mother Nature knows how long animals and plants need to adapt to new conditions. Human beings are causing global warming to come sooner, not giving enough time for them to adapt. In his article,“How does Global Warming affects animals?,” Ned Haluzan says, “Adaptation to new climate conditions will mean the difference between survival and extinction for many animal species.” (p.1). In addition, at this moment...