Gerund and Infinitives Part 2

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  • Topic: Adjective, Latin, Noun
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Gerund and infinitive part 2

INFINITIVE OF PURPOSE : IN ORDER TO
“In Order To” is used to express a purpose. The statement answer the question “Why?”. In order to is always followed by verb1. Optionally, “in order” is often ignored or omitted, shorten “in order + infinitive” to just the infinitive “to + verb”. “In order to” sounds a bit more formal and explicit than “to” by itself, but both are equally possible in both spoken and written English.

FORMULA :
Subject + verb + object + (in order) to + verb1 + object In order to + verb1 + object, subject + verb + object EXAMPLE :
* I practice speaking English into a tape recorder in order to improve my pronunciation * I practice speaking English into a tape recorder to improve my pronunciation * In order to improve my pronunciation, I practice speaking English into a tape recorder

INFINITIVE OF PURPOSE : FOR
“for” can be used to express individual purpose, but it’s a preposition and is always followed by noun object. EXAMPLE :
* I went to the post office for some stamps.
* I went to the store for some bread and coffe
* My friends swims every day for exercise and recreation

EXERCISE :
Error analysis
1. I came to this school for learn English.
2. I’m going to take my son to see a doctor in order to a checkup. 3. The teacher opened the window for letting some fresh air in the room. Answer :
1. I came to this school (in order) to learn English
2. I’m going to take my son to see a doctor for a checkup 3. The teacher opened the window (in order )to let some fresh air in the room.

ADECTIVES FOLLOWED BY INFINITIVES
Certain adjectives can be followed by either infinitives or gerund without changing the meaning of the sentence. But there are several adjectives that can be immediately followed by infinitives and never followed by gerund. In general, these adjectives describe a person not a thing. Many of these adjectives describe a person's feelings or attitudes.

EXAMPLE :
* Eager to : antusias
Yunita is very eager to wear her new cloth
* Anxious to : cemas
I’m anxious to meet your parents
* Prepared to : siap
We must be prepared to take the test tomorrow
* Releaved to : lega
I was relieved to find out that my brother was okay

OTHER COMMON ADJECTIVES THAT CAN BE FOLLOWED BY INFINITIVES : * Ashamed to : malu
* Astonished to : heran
* Fortunate to : beruntung
* Hesitant to : ragu-ragu
* Pleased to : senang
* Ready to : siap
* Reluctant to : enggan
* Shocked to : terkejut
* Stunned to : terpesona

EXERCISE :
Complete the sentences using the adjectives that can be followed by Infinitives ! 1. I’ve worked hard all day long, enough’s enough! I’m ........................... go home 2. Next month, I’m going to a family reunion. I’m very much looking forward to it. I’m .................... see my relatives again 3. Mr. Yahya was offered an excellent job in another country, but his wife and children don’t want to move. He’s not sure what to do. He’s ............................... accept it without the support of his wife and children.

ANSWER :
1. I’ve worked hard all day long, enough’s enough! I’m ready to go home 2. Next month, I’m going to a family reunion. I’m very much looking forward to it. I’m eager to see my relatives again 3. Mr. Yahya was offered an excellent job in another country, but his wife and children don’t want to move. He’s not sure what to do. He’s hesitant to accept it without the support of his wife and children. USING INFINITIVES WITH TOO AND ENOUGH

TOO
TOO is an adverb of degree which means there is more or less than we need/want. The use of too implies a negatif result. Too is used with infinitives after the adjectives / adverb. Too can be used before adjectives, adverb, or noun phrase that is preceded by determiner many, much, few, dan little. Use “for” + someone/something to explain who/what we...
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