University of Phoenix
Facilitator: Gary Mayhew, Ed. D.
July 26, 2011
Fundamental Concepts of Industrial and Organizational Psychology
Industrial and Organizational (I/O) psychology is a field of psychology that “involves the scientific study of the human side of organizations and includes the application of the principles and findings of the research” (Spector, 2008, p. 4). This field consists of research psychologists, who conduct the research, and practicing psychologist, who apply the results of the research to various situations. This field started by adopting various disciplines from other fields of psychology, making it different from all of them, which is examined throughout this paper. The evolution of I/O psychology and its uses as well as the role of research and statistics will also be examined throughout this paper. Evolution of Industrial and Organizational Psychology
Industrial and Organizational (I/O) psychology began about the same time the field of psychology as a science became established. Originally this field was known as industrial psychology, but when human relations became an issue within large organizations the organizational part developed. Experimental scientists were the first members of this field because they shown an interest in learning how to utilize the principles of psychology to solve problems throughout various organizations. Hugo M¨unsterberg and Walter Dill Scott are known as the founders of I/O psychology (Spector, 2008). Engineering also played a role in the developmental and implementation of I/O psychology. Robert Yerkes convinced the Army during World War I to begin using I/O psychologists to help place soldiers in positions best suitable for their mental capabilities because of Robert Yerkes (Spector, 2008). I/O psychologists began to be hired throughout private organizations to help with employees and productivity...