FUNCTIONS OF SPEECH COMMUNICATION
Communication caters to 'change'. It is through the involvement with and the development of communication that, along the periods of ages, human beings evolved from the caves of the stone age to the present world of sophistication and glamour. The changes brought about by communication to the human society can be explained with reference to the functions of communication propounded by Seal MacBride. INFORMATION: The accessibility to the information brought about by communication helps in changing the society. When people are informed about the on-going problems of the world, the society can change to make themselves stronger to fight those menaces. SOCIALIZATION: Communication can help people socialize and come together in a common platform understanding and helping one another in times of need realizing the common ground of similarity we share being humans. Socialization can be possible only through communication. MOTIVATION: Societies can change for the better, if the change is brought about by the motivation that we get through communication. The motivation for betterment, for achievement and harmony. DISCUSSION AND DEBATE: The fact that communication allows us to discuss and debate an issue holds extremely important, for, by doing so we can resolve any politician or social issue for the betterment of the society. EDUCATION: Education is the backbone of the society. The development and the social and economic status is very much determined by the level of education that the citizens of the country have been able to acquire. This can pave the way to the social advancement and economic self-sufficiency. CULTURAL PROMOTION: Communication also helps people to be informed about the different cultural varieties that countries and the world enjoys. Knowing and understanding them can help us understand one another in the common frame of reference as humans and live with peace and prosperity. Communication, thus, is and exclusive ladder to reach the ultimate destination, the destination being, the societal harmony and peace. * Verbal communication refers to the use of symbols in the form of spoken words to transmit messages. Verbal communication is complicated by the fact that language is arbitrary, meaning that words change over time; ambiguous, meaning that many words lack clear-cut meanings; and abstract, meaning that words are not the phenomena to which they refer. Thus, miscommunication occurs when the meaning we attach to a word changes with time, when a word lacks a clear-cut, precise meaning or when words are used that are too general. For example, the word "love" is a very imprecise term; one person's definition of love may differ substantially from another person's. *
* Nonverbal communication refers to the use of symbols other than words to transmit messages. It includes gestures, body language, how we utter words, aspects of our environment that influence meaning and objects such as jewelry, furniture and clothing that send people messages about ourselves. Research suggests that nonverbal communication constitutes anywhere between 65 and 93 percent of all human communication. Just like words, nonverbal symbols are ambiguous. What is a polite gesture to one person may be considered rude by another person. Certain forms of nonverbal communication may also have different meanings in different cultures. For example, direct eye contact is appropriate in U.S. society but considered disrespectful in many Asian countries. *
* Intrapersonal communication is also known as self-talk or thinking, and refers to the ways we communicate with ourselves. We use intrapersonal communication to plan our lives, rehearse scenarios before we act them out, and tell ourselves what to do or not do. The way we communicate with ourselves greatly affects our self-esteem. A person who tells himself, "I'm so stupid" when he fails an exam will likely have poorer self-esteem...
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