Food Security in Bangladesh

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Food Security in Bangladesh

Table of content

Preface - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - i

Keynote Paper: Current Food Security and Challenges –

Achieving 2015 MDG Milepost

Usha Mishra and Sk. A. K. Motahar Hossain - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1

Food Security in Bangladesh: Food Availability

M. M. Rahman and S. I. Khan - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7

Food Security and Access to Food: Present Status and Future Perspective

Md. Ruhul Amin, Naser Farid - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 17

Food Security in Bangladesh: Utilization, Nutrition and Food Safety

Shah Mahfuzur Rahman, Asirul Hoque and Ruhul Amin Talukder - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 43

Setting a Standard Cereal Intake for Balanced Nutrition in Bangladesh

Harun K. M. Yusuf and Asadul Islam - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 51

Regional Food Security Experience: Lessons Learnt from India and Timor Leste

Bal P. Dash - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 61

Challenges in Addressing Hunger and Poverty in Bangladesh –

The Case for a Twin Track Approach

G. Anriquez, C. R. Lovendal, M. Noradanstad and K. Stamoulis - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 81

Action Plans Agreed in the Workshop

? Availability - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 97

? Access - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 98

? Utilization and Nutrition - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 99

Regional Food Security Experience: Lessons Learnt from India and Timor Leste

PREFACE

The Ministry of Food and Disaster Management organized the first-ever National Workshop on Food Security in Bangladesh in collaboration with the UN World Food Programme on 19 and 20 October 2005 in Dhaka. The key objective of the workshop was to take stock of the food security situation in Bangladesh and draw future plan of actions.

The challenge of food security in Bangladesh is huge. In spite of making considerable socioeconomic progresses over the years, Bangladesh still has the third largest number of poor after China and India, a segment of which is chronically malnourished, suffering from silent disaster. Such large-scale malnutrition results in preventable sufferings, diseases and losses of productive potential of the toiling mass.

According to the joint GoB and United Nations Country Team Report on Bangladesh’s progress towards the MDGs (February 2005), although some progress has been made in reducing income and hunger poverty, achieving the MDGs within the next decade will require Bangladesh to develop and implement more ambitious and effective strategies. Halving the proportion of people suffering from hunger is a challenging task and it is inextricably related to reduction of poverty. Hence, policies enhancing food security or promoting hunger reduction have to have a substantial thrust on poverty reduction. A twin track policy that aims at increasing per capita income growth and providing a targeted safety net programme is needed for increased household food intake and enhanced food security.

In view of the above, it was very important and timely to organize the workshop. About 140 participants from the key Government ministries and departments, NGOs, civil societies and UN/development partners attended the workshop. The workshop covered the key issues of food security, i.e. availability (production and import), access and utilization (including nutrition and food safety) with focus on the current status and challenges, strategic approach for the future, and the suggested actions required to achieve the objectives and...
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