|Contents | | [hide] | |1 Format | |2 Appearance | |3 Contents | |3.1 Airway, Breathing and Circulation | |3.2 Trauma injuries | |3.3 Personal protective equipment | |3.4 Instruments and equipment | |3.5 Medication | |4 Improvised uses | |5 Trauma bag/first responder bag | |6 Workplace first aid kit | |7 Historic first aid kits | |8 See also | |9 References | |10 External links |
First aid kits can be assembled in almost any type of container, and this will depend on whether they are commercially produced or assembled by an individual. Standard kits often come in durable plastic boxes, fabric pouches or in wall mounted cabinets. The type of container will vary depending on purpose, and they range in size from wallet sized through to large rucksacks.
It is recommended that all kits are in a clean,waterproof container to keep the contents safe and aseptic. Kits should also be checked regularly and restocked if any items are damaged or expired out of date.
The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) sets a standard for first aid kits of being green, with a white cross, in order to make them easily recognisable to anyone requiring first aid.
|[pic] |[pic] |[pic] |[pic] | |ISO First Aid Symbol |Alternate version of the first aid symbol |Symbol of the Red Cross |Star of Life |
Whilst the ISO recommend the use of the green background and white cross, some individuals or organisations use a red cross on white background, but use of this symbol by anyone but the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) or associated agency may be illegal under the terms of the Geneva convention, which designates the red cross as a protected symbol in all countries signatory to it. One of the few exceptions is in North America, where Johnson & Johnson has used the red cross as a mark on its products since 1887 and registered the symbol as a U.S. trademark for medicinal and surgical plasters in 1905.
Some first aid kits may also feature the Star of Life, normally associated with emergency medical services, but which are also used to indicate that the service using it can offer an appropriate point of care.
Adhesive bandages are one of the most commonly used items in a first aid kit. [pic]
Disposable gloves are often found in modern first-aid kits.
Commercially available first aid kits available via normal retail routes have traditionally been intended for treatment of minor injuries only. Typical contents include adhesive bandages, regular strength pain medication, gauze and low grade disinfectant.
Specialized first aid kits are available for various regions, vehicles or activities, which may focus on...