Female Genital Mutilation

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  • Topic: Clitoris, Vulva, Sex organ
  • Pages : 5 (1630 words )
  • Download(s) : 267
  • Published : May 6, 2013
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I strongly oppose Female genital mutilation to the fact that it violates two important human rights, namely: the right to have a surgery or not; and the right to keep one’s own gender identity. Another reason why I stand against female genital mutilation is the fact that I think that female genital mutilation is a strong gender issue leaning in favor of traditional men who want to control their many wives while they take turns to sleep with them, since female genital mutilation reduces the urge for women to have sex. Finally, I say no to female genital mutilation because it passes health threats to its victims such as hemorrhages, shock, abscesses, urinary tract infections, HIV, small benign tumors, etc. Female genital mutilation (FGM) includes procedures that intentionally alter or injure female genital organs for non-medical reasons. The procedure has no health benefits for girls and women. Procedures can cause severe bleeding and problems urinating, and later, potential childbirth complications and newborn deaths. An estimated 100 to 140 million girls and women worldwide are currently living with the consequences of female genital mutilation (FGM). It is mostly carried out on young girls from 10 years of age and above have undergone Female genital mutilation. Female genital mutilation is internationally recognized as a violation of the human rights of girls and women. Female genital mutilation (FGM) comprises all the procedures that involves partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons. The practice is mostly carried out by traditional circumcisers, who often play other central roles in communities, such as attending childbirths. Increasingly, however, female genital mutilation is being performed by health care providers. Female genital mutilation is recognized internationally as a violation of the human rights of girls and women. It reflects deep-rooted inequality between the sexes, and constitutes an extreme form of discrimination against women. It is nearly always carried out on minors and is a violation of the rights of children. The practice also violates a person's rights to health, security and physical integrity, the right to be free from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, and the right to life when the procedure results in death. Female genital mutilation is classified into four major types. 1. Clitoridectomy: partial or total removal of the clitoris (a small, sensitive and erectile part of the female genitals) and, in very rare cases, only the prepuce (the fold of skin surrounding the clitoris). 2. Excision: partial or total removal of the clitoris and the labia minora, with or without excision of the labia majora (the labia are "the lips" that surround the vagina). 3. Infibulation: narrowing of the vaginal opening through the creation of a covering seal. The seal is formed by cutting and repositioning the inner, or outer, labia, with or without removal of the clitoris. Female Genital Mutilation has no health benefits, and it harms girls and women in many ways. It involves removing and damaging healthy and normal female genital tissue, and interferes with the natural functions of girls' and women's bodies. Immediate complications can include severe pain, shock, hemorrhage (bleeding), tetanus or sepsis (bacterial infection), urine retention, open sores in the genital region and injury to nearby genital tissue. Long-term consequences can include

Recurrent bladder and urinary tract infections, cysts, infertility, an increased risk of childbirth complications and newborn deaths the need for later surgeries. For example, the female genital mutilation procedure that seals or narrows a vaginal opening needs to be cut open later to allow for sexual intercourse and childbirth. Sometimes it is stitched again several times, including after childbirth, hence the woman goes through repeated opening and closing...
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