Factors Affecting Motivation to Learn English

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FACULTY OF EDUCATION UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA

FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO PROFICIENCY IN ENGLISH AS A SECOND LANGUAGE AMONG CHINESE STUDENTS IN JOHOR BAHRU

BY

OOI CHOON LEAN MP061113 EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY 581225-07-5846

SUPERVISOR ASSOC PROF DR AZIZI HJ YAHAYA

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ABSTRACT

There has been an ongoing debate about the importance of the English language. Employers are lamenting that new graduates these days lack communicative proficiency in English. The purpose of this study is to determine the factors which contribute to English proficiency in Chinese students in Johor Bahru. Investigating the factors that contribute to English proficiency might partially explain the occurrence of underachievement in the learning English. The study was conducted with a self-reported questionnaire as an instrument. Data was collected from a sample of 119 students from Southern College, a Chinese community run college based in Johor Bahru. Data was analyzed using the SPSS version 11.5. Descriptive statistics showed that respondents have interest in the language but lack confidence and motivation in using English. The independent variables which were hypothesized factors were correlated with the dependent variables. Findings showed that although parents and close significant others do have influence on the respondents’ attitude and perception towards the English language, their English proficiency grades were not influenced by them. In conclusion, socializing factors such as family members and significant others are not significant contributors to English proficiency in Chinese students in Johor Bahru but they do contribute to the positive attitude and perception towards English that many of the respondents have.

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ABSTRAK

Kepentingan Bahasa Inggeris sentiasa di bentang sebagai topic perbincangan dan biasa menjadi buah mulut di kalangan orang ramai kebelakangan ini. Ramai majikan yang berungut tentang kelemahan kegunaan Bahasa Inggeris oleh remaja masa kini. Tujuan kajian ini ialah untuk mengkaji faktar-faktar yang menyebabkan kelemahan berbahasa Inggeris di kalangan remaja berbangsa Cina di Johor Bahru. Kajian faktar-faktar yang menyebabkan kelemahan ini mungkin akan menunjukkan kelemahan pembelajaran dan pengajaran di kalangan murid-murid. Data kajian diperolehi dari 119 responden dari Southern College, sebuah institusi pengajian tinggi suasta yang dibiayai oleh komuniti Cina di Johor Bahru. Statistik diskriptif menunjukkan pencapaian Bahasa Inggeris di taraf C dan D dan kecenderungan murid Cina terhadap mata pelajaran Inggeris ialah tidak menggalakkan. Statistik inferensi pula menunjukkan tidak terdapat hubungan signifikan diantara pencapaian Bahasa Inggeris dengan pertalian keluarga dan orang-orang signifikan seperti rakan dan guru. Tetapi, kajian menunjukan terdapat hubungan diantara percepsi terhadap Bahasa Inggeris dengan hubungan keluarga dan orang-orang signifikan. Lain kata orang-orang signifikan tidak mempengaruhi pencapaian remaja Cina dalam pencapaian Bahasa Inggeris tetapi boleh mempengaruhi percepsi mereka terhadap Bahasa tersebut.

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TABLE OF CONTENT

CHAPTER

TITLE

PAGE

DECLARATION ABSTRACT ABSTRAK TABLE OF CONTENT LIST OF TABLES LIST OF FIGURES ii iii iv ix x

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INTRODUCTION 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Background of Problem 1.3 Problem Statement 1.4 Objectives 1.5 Research Questions 1.6 Hypotheses 1.6.1 General Hypothesis 1.6.2 General Hypothesis 1.6.3 General Hypothesis 1.6.4 General Hypothesis 1.7 Significance of the Study 1.8 Limitations of the Study 1.9 Definition of Terms 1.9.1 The Chinese Community in Malaysia 1.9 2 Chinese education in Malaysia 1.9.3 English as a second Language 1.9.4 Parenting Style 1 3 7 9 10 11 11 11 12 13 14 15 16 16 16 17 18

v 1.9.5 Peer Influence 1.9.6 Teacher Influence 1.9.7 Learning Styles 20 21 22

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LITERATURE REVIEW 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Pass Research on Use of English as a Second Language 2.3 Theories Relating to the Study 2.3.1...
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