III - Fab lab: a new method of open innovation
A Fab Lab (short for Fabrication Laboratory) is an open platform for creating and prototyping of physical objects, "smart" or not. It uses open source software and new technologies. It is intended for entrepreneurs who want to move more quickly from concept to prototype, designers and artists, students wishing to enrich their experience and practical knowledge in electronics, CFAO (Design and Computer Aided Manufacturing), design, handyman of the twenty-first century.
Fab Lab "type" is a collection of numerical control machines professional level, but standard and inexpensive: a laser cutting machine is capable of producing structures in 2D and 3D, screen printing machine that manufactures antennas and circuits flexible, high-resolution milling machine to make printed circuit boards and molds, another more important to create large parts ... there are also standard electronic components and programming tools associated with microcontrollers open, inexpensive and efficient. All of these devices is controlled using common software design and computer aided manufacturing.
Other more advanced equipment such as 3D printers, equipped increasingly Fab Labs. The RepRap (free 3D desktop printer capable of printing plastic objects) is also become a strong symbol of the Fab Lab, because of its open and free side and "do it yourself". 3D printing is rapidly increasingly with equipment more and more accessible to all.
Fab Labs are based on open source and oppose copyright.
Fab Labs lead to the democratization of production and its relocation through digital tools.
Places and projects:
Fab Labs are networked and are in some respects "factories communities." They are indeed independent, but connected. It is, for example, possible to observe what happens in a Fab Lab at the other end of the planet from local Fab Lab through screens interposed. Meetings also meet regularly, not just their leaders, but also their...
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