Expectancy Theory of Motivation

Topics: Motivation, Victor Vroom, Expectancy theory Pages: 4 (1462 words) Published: April 15, 2013
Nowadays, besides the income, motivation is one of the best ways to keep people more productive during their work. Each person might have a different goal as long as they know how to achieve it. According to Williams and McWilliams (2010), ‘motivation is the set of forces that initiates, directs and makes people persist in their efforts to accomplish a goal’. In other words, motivation can become the factor that encourages someone to persist on their stance in order to achieve their goal. It depends on the choices that people make on how much and where to put effort into their jobs. Not only that, as a person that people are working for, the manager must know exactly what are the workers’ needs to be able to satisfy them by providing the opportunities and attractive rewards. In order to find out the practical step relates to this situation, managers are trying to look a bit deeper on their goals, which is known as the concept of expectancy theory. Expectancy theory is a theory that states people will be encouraged widely in which they believe their attempts will bring them to a good performance and more rewards. ‘Expectancy theory says that people will be motivated to the extent to which they believe that their effort will lead to good performance, that good performance will be rewarded and that they will be offered attractive rewards’ (Williams & McWilliams 2010). Altogether, by applying the theory of expectancy, people will be encouraged widely in which they believe that their attempts will bring them to a good performance. At the end, someone will reward their performance by offering attractive rewards. According to expectancy theory, there are three components that play an interactive role in affect people to make conscious choices about their motivation. The first component of expectancy theory is valence, which is the desire of people to work and achieve a reward from their jobs. It refers to the individual personally place on the rewards and depends on...
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