Evolution of Management Theory

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s): 128
  • Published: November 20, 2010
Read full document
Text Preview
Management Science I Prof. M.Thenmozhi
Indian Institute of Technology Madras
EVOLUTION OF MANAGEMENT
THEORY
Dr.M. Thenmozhi
Professor
Department of Management Studies
Indian Institute of Technology Madras
Chennai 600 036
E-mail: mtm@iitm.ac.in
Management Science I Prof. M.Thenmozhi
Indian Institute of Technology Madras
• Early management theory consisted of numerous attempts at getting to know these newcomers to industrial life at the end of the nineteenth century and beginning of the twentieth century in Europe and united states. • These includes

– Scientific management
– Classical organization theory
– Behavioural school and management science.
• As you study these approaches keep one important fact in mind. • The managers and theorists who developed this assumption about human relationships were doing so with little precedent.
• large scale industrial enterprise was very new.
• some of the assumption that they made might therefore seem simple or unimportant to you, but they were crucial and to ford and his contemporize. Management Science I Prof. M.Thenmozhi
Indian Institute of Technology Madras
1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990
“MUCKRACKERS “BEGINS
EXPOSE
OF BUSINESS1902
THE GREATE
DEPRESSION
BEGINS
DIMING
LECTURE ON
QUALITY IN
JAPAN
APPLE
CROP
FORED1
997
BALDRI
GE
AWARD
INITIATE
D 1987
LABOR
SHORTAGE
WORLD WAR
I
(1914-1918)
WORLD WAR
II
(1941-1945)
PROTEST
MOVEMENT(1
960S-1970)
IBM PC
INTROD
CED
1981
AT&T
DIVESTITU
TE TAKES
EFFECT
(JANUARY
1ST 1984)
SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT SCHOOL CLASSICAL ORGANIZATIONAL
THEORY SCHOOL
THE BEHAVIOURAL SCHOOL
MANAGEMENT SCIENCE
THE SYSTEM APPROACH
THE CONTIGENCY
APPROACH
DYNAMIC ENGAGEMENT APPROACH
KEY MANAGEMENT THEORY AN
OVERVIEW
Management Science I Prof. M.Thenmozhi
Indian Institute of Technology Madras
• Fedrick w Taylor (1986-1915) rested his philosophy on four basic principles. 1. The development of a true science of management so that the best method for performing each task could be determined.

2. The Scientific selection of workers so that the each workers would be given responsibility for the task for which he or she was best suited. 3. The scientific education and development of workers.

4. Intimate friendly cooperation between management and labor. • The scientific management schools
1. Scientific management theory arose in part from the need to increase productivity.
2. In the united states especially, skilled labor was in short supply at the beginning of the twentieth century.
3. The only way to expand the productivity was to raise the efficiency of workers.
4. Therefore ,Fredick W.Taylor,Henry Gantt,and Frank and Lillian Gilberth devised the body of principles known as Scientific management theory • Taylor contended that the success of these principles required ”a complete mental revolution” on the part of management and labor.

Management Science I Prof. M.Thenmozhi
Indian Institute of Technology Madras
• Rather than quarrel over profits both side should increase production ,by so doing ,he believed profits would rise to such an extend that labor have to fight over them.
• In short taylor believed that management and labor had common interest in increasing productivity.
1. Taylor based his management system on production line time studies. instead of relying on traditional work methods, he analyzed and timed steel workers movements on a series of jobs.
2. Using time study he broke each job down into its components and designed the quickest and best method of performing each
components. In this way he established.
• How much workers to do with the equipment and materials in hand. he also encourage
• Employers to pay more productive workers higher rate than others. using a “scientifically correct “rate that would benefit both the company and workers.
• Thus the workers were urged to surpass their previous performance standards to earn more pay .Taylor called his plane...
tracking img