Evaluation-of-Rural-Water-Supply-Schemes-in-Selected-Communities

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Global Journal of Science Frontier Research
Volume 11 Issue 9 Version 1.0 December 2011
Type: Double Blind Peer Reviewed International Research Journal Publisher: Global Journals Inc. (USA)
Online ISSN : 2249-4626 & Print ISSN: 0975-5896

Evaluation of Rural Water Supply Schemes in Selected
Communities in Oke-Ogun Area, Oyo State, Nigeria
By Toyobo A.E.,Tanimowo N.B
Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso,Oyo State, Nigeria

Abstract - The study examine water supply schemes in selected communities in Oke-Ogun area. Data were collected through primary and secondary sources. A total of 450 structure questionnaire were administered through systematic random sampling to solid information from household heads in the area. The study reveals that female respondents were higher than males, and majority engaged in farming activities with low income. Hand-pump wells and boreholes were the major water facilities in the area. Majority of the water facilities were in the state of disrepairs. The study therefore recommended some management strategies in order to improve the sustainability of water schemes in the study area.

Keywords : Community, Management, Water-scheme, Sustainability. GJSFR-D Classification: FOR Code: 070106, 070108

Evaluation of Rural Water Supply Schemes in Selected Communities in Oke-Ogun Area, Oyo State, Nigeria Strictly as per the compliance and regulations of :

© 2011 . Toyobo A.E.,Tanimowo N.B. This is a research/review paper, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/), permitting all non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Evaluation of Rural Water Supply Schemes in
Selected Communities in Oke-Ogun Area, Oyo
State, Nigeria
selected communities in Oke-Ogun area. Data were collected
through primary and secondary sources. A total of 450
structure questionnaire were administered through systematic random sampling to solid information from household heads
in the area. The study reveals that female respondents were
higher than males, and majority engaged in farming activities with low income. Hand-pump wells and boreholes were the
major water facilities in the area. Majority of the water facilities were in the state of disrepairs. The study therefore
recommended some management strategies in order to
improve the sustainability of water schemes in the study area.

Keywords : Community, Management, Water-scheme,
Sustainability.
I.

INTRODUCTION

S

uccessful community management requires that
clear ownership of the water systems be defined.
Ownership issues lie at the heart of the seeming
paradox that communities with long histories of internal
water resource management for natural system such as
irrigation systems are often not successful at managing
water supply systems (Schouten and Moriarty, 2003;
Renold,1992). Such is the case in Madagascar, where
small streams used for irrigation of lowland rice fields
have been sustainably shared amongst communities for
food production but most improved water sources have
fallen into a state of disrepair. Common to the
management of all property resources should be tied to
a sense of communal ownership are the inclusion of
rules and regulation needed to regulate the behavior of
water users and a guide
for water committees.
Enforcement of rules and regulations is usually the
responsibility of the water committees, through the
levying of some sort of social sanction of fine (Schouten
and Moriarty, 2003; Parry Jones, Reed and Skinner
2001).
Operation and maintenance agreements
ensures the longevity and proper running of rural water
infrastructure and this could be attained with
community. However, in order to ensure proper
maintenance of community water supply schemes, there
should be a trained local technicians who should have
access...
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