November 18, 2012
The purpose of this paper is to compare the similarities and differences between virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics. The differences in how each theory addresses ethics and morality including a personal experience to help explain the relationship between virtue, values, and moral concepts as they relate to one of the three theories. A personal experience would be my character results from the University of Phoenix web based Ethics Game called the Ethical Lens Inventory. One of my assignments was to play the Ethics Game-Ethical Lens Inventory for class to determine which ethical perspective best categorized me. The results were fairly accurate in describing my character especially after reading the definitions of each lens and found that I fell into the Results and Reputation Lens. There are four lenses in the ethics game, the Rights and Responsibilities Lens, Relationship Lens, Results Lens and Reputation Lens. Three of the four lenses will be covered in the paper as the Rights and Responsibilities Lens and Reputation lens are both categorized into two different views of the deontological theory. The results and reputation lens classifies me as that I heed to my intuition, (sensibility) and regulate the highest good individually (autonomy) not to mention character traits and qualities that best serves the society (equality), (University of Phoenix, 2007). Deontologists are typically classified in this lens. “Deontologists base their decisions about what’s right on broad, abstract universal ethical principles or values such as honesty, promise keeping, fairness, loyalty, rights (to safety, privacy, etc.), justice, compassion, and respect for persons and property” (Trevino & Nelson, p. 98). My classical value is prudence and fortitude which is also considered a virtue. Demonstration of wisdom including practical concerns, and forethought...