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Disadvantages of industrialization could be grouped into several major categories. Ecological effects of industrialization include pollution of air, water, and soil. Industrialization has created and continues to create waste materials that need to be stored or disposed of, often creating further potential for harm of the natural environment. Industrialization has resulted in and is still causing the depletion of natural resources, sometimes with further ramifications for the environment. The negative impact of industrialization upon humans can be measured in terms of lives shortened through accidents or illnesses resulting from work in industrial settings and by changes to the basic structure of family units caused by new patterns of work and home responsibilities. Financially, industrialization has led to increasing separation between "haves" and "have nots", whether referring to individuals or countries. Those persons and countries who are benefiting from industrialization are consuming an increasing percentage of the world's resources, leaving those who are not included in the industrialized world further and further behind in lifestyle and potential for future development. .

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The use of factories and mass production has led to a depletion of certain natural resources, leaving the environment permanently damaged. One example of this depletion is deforestation, which is the clearing of forest trees for use in production. When the trees are cleared, the wildlife in the forest also becomes uprooted. The lack of trees is only compounded by the problem of carbon emissions. Whereas forests would help emit oxygen and refresh the levels of healthy gases in the air, factories are emitting poisonous emissions and eliminating the source of oxygen. The pollution that has resulted from factories involves not only airborne emissions but land and water pollution as well. The primary issue resulting from pollution and carbon emissions is that of global...
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