English Vowel Sounds

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This vowel is known as the long a sound and it has the same sound as the alphabet letter A.

Try to practice simple words such as: late, eight, and hate. Remember that you have to open your mouth wide for this sound.The long a sound is written as eɪ in IPA. Therefore, you can think about pronouncing the long a sound as the short e sound plus the short i sound. Many non native English speakers pronounce the long a sound as the short e sound because they drop the short i sound. | |

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| Major Patterns for the Long A Sound| |
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Pattern| Sample Word| Rule| Other Sounds for the Pattern / Exceptions| To practice the words for any of the following patterns, just click the links below. In general, about 50% of words follow the major patterns, 30% the minor patterns, 20% sight words to be memorized. | The symbol * represents consonant letters in the patterns. For example, the pattern *a*e* can apply to words ate, bake, mate, wave, etc.|

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*a*e*| *ai*| *ay*| *ei*|
bake| gain| bay| eight|
| | Note: Here Y is considered as a vowel | |
Silent E Rule | Two Vowel Rule | Two Vowel Rule | EI Sound Rule |
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| Minor Patterns for the Long A Sound| |
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Pattern| Sample Word| Rule| Other Sounds for the Pattern / Exceptions| To practice the words for any of the following patterns, just click the links below. In general, about 50% of words follow the major patterns, 30% the minor patterns, 20% sight words to be memorized. | The symbol * represents consonant letters in the patterns. For example, the pattern *a*e* can apply to words ate, bake, mate, wave, etc.|

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*able*| *ache*| *ague*| *aneous*| *ange*| *aple*| *aste*| *asion*| *ation*| *a*al*| *a*en*| *a*er*| *a*or*| *a*y*| able| ache| plague| miscellaneous| change| maple| paste| occasion| nation| fatal| shaken| pager| savor| baby| Silent E Rule | | | Silent E Rule | | *otion*

*ution*
Note: A, O, and U are...
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