English Gastronomy

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  • Topic: British cuisine, English cuisine, Full breakfast
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ENGLISH GASTRONOMY

English food has traditionally been based on beef, lamb, pork, chicken and fish and generally served with potatoes and one other vegetable. The most common and typical foods eaten in England include the sandwich, fish and chips, pies like the cornish pasty, trifle and roasts dinners. Some of our main dishes have strange names like Bubble & Squeak, Spotted Dick and Toad-in-the-Hole.

What may appear strange to our overseas visitors is that not all our puddings are sweet puddings, some are eaten during the starter or main course like Yorkshire Pudding and Black Pudding.The staple foods of England are meat, fish, potatoes, flour, butter and eggs. Many of our dishes are based on these foods.

Questions on British Food for Students to answer
Match the photographs of different foods to their descriptions

Vegetarians
It is currently (2003) estimated that there are between 3 and 4 million vegetarians in the UK,one of the highest percentages in the western world.Around 7 million people claim to eat no red meat.It is now rare to find no vegetarian foods in a supermarket or on a restaurant menu.

TYPICAL TRADITIONAL ENGLISH DISHES
Christmas Dinner
Traditional English dishes have had competition from other dishes over the years. Despite this, if you visit England, you will still be served up the traditional foods we have been eating for years.This page contains some of our most popular traditional dishes.

Main meal dishes
Roast beef and Yorkshire pudding
This is England's traditional Sunday lunch, which is a family affair.

Yorkshire Pudding
This dish is not usually eaten as a dessert like other puddings but instead as part of the main course or at a starter.Yorkshire pudding, made from flour, eggs and milk, is a sort of batter baked in the oven and usually moistened with gravy.

Recipe
The traditional way to eat a Yorkshire pudding is to have a large, flat one filled with gravy and vegetables as a starter of the meal. Then when the meal is over, any unused puddings should be served with jam or ice-cream as a dessert.

Toad-in-the-Hole (sausages covered in batter and roasted.) Similar to Yorkshire Pudding but with sausages placed in the batter before cooking. (See photo right) Roast Meats ( cooked in the oven for about two hours) Typical meats for roasting are joints of beef, pork, lamb or a whole chicken. More rarely duck, goose, gammon, turkey or game are eaten. Beef is eaten with hot white horseradish sauce, pork with sweet apple sauce and lamb with green mint sauce.

These three platefuls of food were served up in a pub. I would say that they are enormous portions and not what a typical British person would eat in one sitting. Steak and Kidney Pie with chips and salad

Cornish Pastie with chips, baked beans and salad
Chicken Salad
Fish and chips
Fish (cod, haddock, huss, plaice) deep fried in flour batter with chips (fried potatoes) dressed in malt vinegar.This is England's traditional take-away food or as US would say "to go".Fish and chips are not normally home cooked but bought at a fish and chip shop ("chippie" ) to eat on premises or as a "take away"

Ploughman's Lunch (a piece of cheese, a bit of pickle and pickled onion, and a chunk of bread) This dish is served in Pubs .See a sample menu of food served in pubs .Shepherds Pie (made with minced lamb and vegetables topped with mashed potato)Recipe Cottage Pie (made with minced beef and vegetables topped with mashed potato. (Pictured right))

Gammon Steak with egg (Gammon is ham) What is a Pudding ?A pudding is the dessert course of a meal ('pud' is used informally). In Britain, we also use the words 'dessert, 'sweet" and 'afters'. What's for pudding? ........ What's for afters? ........ What's for dessert?For more of the words we use, visit our British Words section.

Take care! Not all our puddings are sweet puddings, some are eaten during the starter or main course like Yorkshire Pudding and Black Pudding....
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