ENGLISH FOR ACADEMIC PURPOSES – ENN103F|
UNIQUE NO. 707714|
STUDENT NO. 53078136|
SECTION A – SHORT QUESTIONS AND SECTION B ESSAYS|
AFFIRMATIVE ACTION A LOOSING BATTLE?
Section A : Short questions
1) IS THE AFFIRMATIVE ACTION POLICY MORALLY DEFENSIBLE? EXPLAIN.
In my opinion, I believe that the Affirmative Action Policy is not morally defensible as it tends to be more favorable towards a certain group of people. However according to an article in the Mail & Guardian Affirmative Action is still deemed as morally defensible. Affirmative Action was initially meant to affirm previously dis-advantaged people and not to impede and hinder those not favored by it, such as white males and even white woman occasionally. Those making the decisions to apply the policy in various situations are not always true to the fact that the objective is to achieve a societal good. For example: in the event of not filling a vacancy for a critical position subsequent to advertising on numerous occasions just because all the successful candidates are non-African can be deemed as a societal harm and regarded as “racist” rather that Affirmative Action.
2) IN YOUR OPINION, WHICH COUNTRY HAS SUCCESSFULLY IMPLEMENTED THE POLICY OF AFFIRMATIVE ACTION AND WHY DID IT SUCCEED?
In my opinion and after extensive research I have found that there is no country with a 100% successful rate with regards to the implementation of the Affirmative Action Policy since the support of the Affirmative Action Policy varies between countries and racial groups represented within. According to the “Gallop Poll” responses regarding the Affirmative Action policy amongst Whites, Blacks and Hispanics varied. In 2005 a survey was conducted to see how many people were in favor or apposed Affirmative Action programmes and it was found that 64% responded in favour and 34% apposed. Taking this into consideration I would then say that if there were a...