EDUCATION 2: Facilitating Learning
Mrs. Sheryl Ann Perciano
Hazel P. Villegas
Maria Dolores L. Comighod
BEED- Content Course [ II-D ]
Individuals have many similar characteristics but they too differ in many respects. One of these individual differences is the intellectual differences which also refers to the intelligence.
Intelligence is the general capacity of a person to adjust consciously his thinking to a new requirement. It is the combination of general and specific abilities that a person possesses in coping with the problem of his everyday living. Also according to studies the non-cognitive aspects of intelligence is also important for adaptation and success that supports the discovery of emotional intelligence.
Emotional intelligence refers to an ability to recognize the meanings of emotion and their relationships, and to reason and problem-solve on the basis of them. Emotional intelligence is involved in the capacity to perceive emotions, assimilate emotion-related feelings, understand the information of those emotions, and manage them.
Brief History of Emotional Intelligence
* 1930s – Edward Thorndike describes the concept of "social intelligence" as the ability to get along with other people.
* 1940s – David Wechsler suggests that affective components of intelligence may be essential to success in life.
* 1950s – Humanistic psychologists such as Abraham Maslow describe how people can build emotional strength.
* 1975 - Howard Gardner publishes The Shattered Mind, which introduces the concept of multiple intelligences.
* 1985 - Wayne Payne introduces the term emotional intelligence in his doctoral dissertation entitled “A study of emotion: developing emotional intelligence; self-integration; relating to fear, pain and desire (theory, structure of reality, problem-solving, contraction/expansion, tuning in/coming out/letting go).”
* 1987 – In an article published in Mensa Magazine, Keith Beasley uses the term “emotional quotient.” It has been suggested that this is the first published use of the term, although Reuven Bar-On claims to have used the term in an unpublished version of his graduate thesis. * 1990 – Psychologists Peter Salovey and John Mayer publish their landmark article, "Emotional Intelligence," in the journal Imagination, Cognition, and Personality.
* 1995 - The concept of emotional intelligence is popularized after publication of psychologist and New York Times science writer Daniel Goleman’s book Emotional Intelligence: Why It Can Matter More Than IQ.
Two Aspects of Emotional Intelligence
1. Understanding yourself, your goals, intentions, responses, behaviour and all.
2. Understanding others, and their feelings.
Four Branches of Emotional Intelligence
The four branch model of emotional intelligence describes four areas of capacities or skills that collectively describe many of areas of emotional intelligence (Mayer & Salovey, 1997).
1. Perceiving Emotions
The initial, most basic, area has to do with the nonverbal reception and expression of emotion. The capacity to accurately perceive emotions in the face or voice of others provides a crucial starting point for more advanced understanding of emotions.
2. Using Emotions to Facilitate Thought
The capacity of the emotions to enter into and guide the cognitive system and promote thinking. It says that something we respond to emotionally, is something that grabs our attention.
3. Understanding Emotions
Emotions convey information: Each emotion conveys its own pattern of possible messages, and actions associated with those messages. Fully understanding emotions involves the comprehension of the meaning of emotions, coupled with the capacity to reason about those meanings.
4. Managing Emotions
Emotions often can be managed. A person needs to understand emotions convey...