Emilio Jacinto's Trading Cooperative

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A1457

Cooperatives:
Principles and practices
in the 21st century

Kimberly A. Zeuli and Robert Cropp

ABOUT THE COVER IMAGE: The “twin pines” is a familiar symbol for cooperatives in the United States. The Cooperative League of the USA, which eventually became the National Cooperative Business Association (NCBA), adopted it as their logo in 1922. The pine tree is an ancient symbol of endurance and immortality. The two pines represent mutual cooperation—people helping people.

COOPERATIVES:

ii

Chapter 1
An introduction to cooperatives

1

Chapter 2
Historical development of cooperatives
throughout the world

5

Chapter 3
Cooperative history, trends, and laws
in the United States

59

Chapter 8
Procedures for organizing a cooperative

69

Chapter 9
A summary of cooperative benefits
and limitations

77

Notes

81

Glossary

85

Cooperative resources

IN

49

Chapter 7
Cooperative financial management

PRACTICES

39

Chapter 6
Cooperative roles, responsibilities,
and communication

&

27

Chapter 5
Alternative business models
in the United States

PRINCIPLES

15

Chapter 4
Cooperative classification

Contents

Publication notes



89

THE

21ST

CENTURY

i

Publication notes
This publication is the fourth and most extensive
revision of the Marvin A. Schaars’ text, Cooperatives,
Principles and Practices, University of Wisconsin
Extension—Madison, Publication A1457, July 1980.
What has come to be known simply as “the
Schaars book,” was originally written in 1936 by
Chris L. Christensen, Asher Hobson, Henry Bakken,
R.K. Froker, and Marvin Schaars, all faculty in the
Department of Agricultural Economics, University
of Wisconsin—Madison. Since its first publication,
the Schaars book has served as a basic reference
for cooperative members and leaders, cooperative
instructors and development specialists, and
students of cooperatives throughout the United
States and world. It has been translated into
several languages.
Although the Schaars book has been out of print
for some time, the University of Wisconsin Center
for Cooperatives (UWCC) continues to receive
regular requests for copies. Its straightforward,
basic information on the organization, structure,
financing, and management of cooperatives is as
needed and relevant today as ever. The revisions in
this version, which reflect over two decades of
learning about cooperative development as well
as new cooperative laws and ways of doing
business, will hopefully make it even more useful.
Although we focus on cooperative businesses in
the United States, and draw most of our references
from the agricultural sector, most of the book’s
content is pertinent to cooperatives anywhere, in
any sector. Readers are encouraged to seek out
other publications that deal more extensively with
cooperative laws in their own states and countries,
and provide more detailed information on
consumer, service and worker-owned cooperatives
and credit unions.

ii

Kimberly Zeuli and Robert Cropp, Assistant
Professor and Professor Emeritus in the
Department of Agricultural and Applied
Economics, University of Wisconsin—Madison,
are responsible for all of the editing and most
of the revised text. The following individuals
also contributed to various chapters:
David Erickson, Director of Member Relations,
Wisconsin Federation of Cooperatives
E.G. Nadeau, Director of Research, Planning and
Development, Cooperative Development
Services
David Trechter, Professor, University of Wisconsin—
River Falls
Richard Vilstrup, Professor Emeritus,
Department of Animal Science and
Agricultural and Applied Economics,
University of Wisconsin—Madison
This revision would not have been possible
without generous funding from The Cooperative
Foundation, Inver Grove Heights, Minnesota.

COOPERATIVES:

CHAPTER

1


An introduction to cooperatives

According to...
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