Professor: Catherine Datte
History and Methods of Science 014016
May 22, 2008
Embryonic Cloning and the Impact on Our Life
Human embryonic cloning has become one of the most debated subjects in terms of moral and medical issues since its development. Recently, South Korea has made advances on human embryonic cloning. Human embryonic cloning has many benefits on improving medical knowledge. Research of Advanced Cell Technology can give cures for some of humanity's most debilitating diseases. Many scientists were able to successfully clone cells among mammals like mice, cattle, pigs and rabbits. In 1983, Elizabeth J. Robertson demonstrated that stem cells obtained from a mouse could be made to produce a variety of tissues. The research used techniques which are not new. These techniques have already been employed in other animal studies. Only their employment in human embryos has yet to be attempted. The cloning of cells is presently an art with outcomes being very unpredictable and frequently failing. Researchers are concerned whether cloned cells obtained from a mature individual will behave properly: The process of aging shortens telomeres that are found at the end of the DNA strand. When they are shortened too much, DNA reproduction stops or produces genetic abnormalities. Environmental conditions determine if stem cells can possibly differentiate into any type of tissue or organ. Therefore, the immune system should not reject transplanted tissues produced by cell cloning since the cells are produced using the genetic material of the patient. The future promises hope that therapeutic cloning can cure diabetes, nervous and cardiovascular system diseases, autoimmune disorders, age-related diseases and sicknesses involving bone marrow and blood. Human embryo cloning can be used to heal damaged spinal cords and to treat Parkinson’s disease. But, advancement in Cell Technology barely generated...