Introduction: Containerization is a system of intermodal cargo transport using standard containers that can be loaded on container ships, freight train wagons, and trucks. with the high seepd of the economic increase rate,logistics industry is going to more prosperous. History:
From the late 18 th century container in British coal mining area has its origins. In 1795 Bejamin OuNa open which is built in his coal Butterley iron works of the little van Eaton ramp. horse-drawn round on the ramp, coal van containers, form, can from OuNa is also pushing Derby canal barge canal transshipment. By the 1830 s, the railway several continents portable and can be transferred to other transportation containers. Liverpool and Manchester in England railway is such. The beginning of the twentieth century saw through the highway and railway movement and the design between airtight container box. Toward the end of world war ii, the United States army after the use of special containers, so as to speed up the loading and transports of loading and unloading. The army uses the "transport" of containers, sure shipping in the fields of personnel of the household appliances. A "transport" is a reusable containers, 8.5 feet (2.6 meters) long, 6.25 feet (1.91 meters) wide and 6.83 feet (2.08 meters) high, rigid steel a 9000 pounds of carrying capacity. During the Korean war in the transport of handling sensitive military equipment, and prove effective evaluation, for the more widely used for approval. The material destruction of theft, wooden boxes, and by extending the processing time in the port of dockers, busan. Believe that the army of the steel container need. The army started in 1952 a term used in conex, for "container express". The first significantconexes shipment, including engineering materials and spare parts in Columbus, Georgia general depot San Francisco port, shipping, yokohama, Japan railway, and then to South Korea, in 1952 the end; Almost half the time reduce the shipment. To the Vietnam war time for most products and materials and conex. The United States defense department after the standardization 8 'x 8 ", 10' length for military use multiple section, it is rapidly through the container of shipping purposes. Purpose-built ships:
In the US ships began carrying containers between Seattle and Alaska in 1951. In the US ships began carrying containers between Seattle and Alaska in 1951. Its first trip carried 600 containers between North Vancouver, British Columbia and Skagway, Alaska, on November 26, 1955; in Skagway, the containers were unloaded to purpose-built railroad cars for transport north to the Yukon, in the first intermodal service using trucks, ships and railroad cars. Southbound containers were loaded by shippers in the Yukon, moved by rail, ship and truck, to their consignees, without opening. This first intermodal system operated from November 1955 for many years. The US container shipping industry dates to April 26, 1956, when trucking entrepreneur McLean put 58 containers aboard a refitted tanker ship, the Ideal-X , and sailed them from Newark to Houston . What was new in the USA about McLean's innovation was the idea of using large containers that were never opened in transit between shipper and consignee and that were transferable on an intermodal basis, among trucks, ships and railroad cars. McLean had initially favored the construction of "trailerships"—taking trailers from large trucks and stowing them in a ship's cargo holdThis method of stowage, referred to as roll-on/roll-off , was not adopted because of the large waste in potential cargo space onboard the vessel, known as broken stowage . This method of stowage, referred to as roll-on/roll-off , was not adopted because of the large waste in potential cargo space onboard the vessel, known as broken stowage . Towards standards:
During its first 20 years, many container sizes and corner fittings were used; there were dozens of incompatible container...
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