Effectiveness the Implementation of Peace and Order Ordinance at Barangayn

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Masagca, J. T., Masagca, M. T. & Chunxiang, M. (2009).
Enhancing Governance of the Barangay: Reflections of
Academics, JOAAG, Vol. 4. No.2
Enhancing Governance of the Barangay: Reflections of Academics   Jimmy T. Masagca
1  
Manrico T. Masagca
2
M. Chunxiang
3
Abstract
This paper presents the insights of selected academics on local governance of the Barangay, the basic political unit (BPU) in the Philippines. Participants were pre‐selected and their representations were determined using the ethnographic technique with the property of conversation (pakikipagkwentuhan). This inquiry notes that good governance of BPU can be affected by the lack of capabilities of officials; indecisiveness during assumption of duties as officers‐in‐charge. influence of their siblings and family relatives; and sensitivity of the issues and concerns being addressed. The academics proposed that programs and projects (P&P) on capacity building of BPU officials must be accomplished vigorously in collaboration with the various higher education institutions (HEIs) and groups/organizations on local governance. Moreover, certain provisions for building upon the hard‐ earned achievement of these officials through budget allocation for the annual programs on merit and recognition of achievements are also suggested to enhance local governance and community development.  

Keywords: Local governance, Philippines, Barangay, academics, participation, transparency                                                               1
Pacific Island Institute for Pedagogy, Technology, Arts and Sciences, Incorporated (Pacific Tech), Philippines; De La Salle University-Dasmariñas, Philippines. Email: jmasagca@yahoo.com 2
Management of Financial Institutions Department, College of Business and Economics, De La Salle University- Manila, Philippines.
3
Master’s in Public Administration Program, San Jose Christian College, San Jose City, Philippines14 Masagca, J. T., Masagca, M. T. & Chunxiang, M. (2009).
Enhancing Governance of the Barangay: Reflections of
Academics, JOAAG, Vol. 4. No.2
Introduction
In general, governance refers to the task of running a government, or any other appropriate subset of the government entity whether the national, regional, provincial, city and local for that matter. It is the sound exercise of political, economic, and administrative authority to manage a country’s resources for development. As defined by ADB (1995) and noted by Sto. Tomas and Mangahas (2002), governance involves the institutionalization of a system through which citizens, institutions, organizations, and groups in the society articulate their interests. In recent years, the concept of governance has gained attention and momentum in the academic circle and has diversified its meaning into a very dynamic concept. This paper presents the views of selected academics on transparency and participation in the basic political unit (BPU) of the Philippines (locally known as the Barangay). Transparency in operation is regarded as central to good governance leading to the attainment of maximum participation of the community. As the core principle in governance, transparency links how the local residents and BPU officials are held accountable for their actions and decisions in relation to their roles in the community in which they live. Studies dealing with views of academics on local governance could be insightful for practical recommendations in promoting transparency and maximizing participation vis a vis the management of higher education institutions (HEI) with their academic programs and other stakeholders on public administration, leadership and governance.  

According to Delica (1999) the key elements of good local governance is transparency in operation, accountability to the people whom elected officials vowed to serve and commitment to citizens maximum participation. Good local governance must depict an image that is acceptable to the local people...
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