I. DEFINITION OF TERMS
A. DICTIONARY DEFINITION
B. OPERATIONAL DEFINITON
II. WHAT IS MUSIC ON MEMORY RETRIEVAL.
III. HOW CAN MUSIC AFFECT YOUR LIFE
A. THEORIES OF FORGETTING
B. MEMORY AND RELATED FINDINGS
C. MUSIC AND RELATED STUDIES
IV. HISTORY OF MUSIC
V .ADVANTAGE AND DISADVANTAGE
VI. EFFECT OF MUSIC ON MEMORY RETRIEVAL IN YOUR LIFE
JANUARY 3, 2011
EFFECT OF MUSIC ON MEMORY RETRIEVAL
Culture, past and present, varying wildly between times and places
MS. SALMA M. MACARAMBON
To Her who is able to keep me from falling and to present me before her glorious presence without fault and with great joy, to the only God our savior be glory, majesty, power, and authority through to almighty ALLAH our god, before all ages, now and forever. To my mother who loves me always and keeping me safe and to my father who supports me in doing this and to my sister and brothers who advice me always…
I usually and gratefully acknowlegdes the invaluable assistance rendered by the following persons who in one way or another tremendously helped in the succesful completion of the term paper:
Mrs. Salma M. Macarambon, teacher/adviser for her constructive pieces of advice, generous sharing of knowledge, her willingness, patience and wisdom in her teaching;
To my friends BATMAN for their suggestion and vital assistance in conducting research and for being available on times of trials and computer services;
To my family for their full supports on me in my study and who are always concerned;
And above all, to the ALMIGHTY ALLAH who deserves all the glory, praises and thanksgiving.
In the early to mid 20th Century, researchers began to extensively study memory. Since then, there have been tremendous advances in the knowledge of how the mind processes information. The brain is composed of a very complex system of neural networks that transfers information from one section to another. The study of these networks is an ongoing process, because there is still much to learn. From this research, many factors have been found that seem to affect memory. Included in these factors are attention, stress, emotion, music, and aging. This experiment will concentrate on how the factor of music effects memory. The memory is a mental system that receives, stores, organizes, alters and recovers information from sensory input. Sensory memory, short-term memory and long-term memory are the three basic types. Information first enters sensory memory, which holds an exact copy of the data for a few seconds. Short-term memory is the next step, and it holds small quantities of information for a brief period longer than sensory memory. Selective attention is utilized at this time to regulate what information is transferred to short-term memory. Unimportant information is removed permanently (Coon, 1997). Another name for short-term memory is working memory, which describes the thinking and problem solving aspects. Short-term memory, according to psychologist George Miller, can hold a "magic number" of seven (plus or minus two) bits of information. Bits are units of information such as numbers, phrases or words. Information is held in short-term memory by two types of rehearsal. Maintenance rehearsal refers to silently repeating or mentally reviewing information. Elaborative rehearsal connects the new information with existing information (Coon, 1997). Many areas of the brain are used to process information. However, the hippocampus is the section that transfers information into long-term memory. This type of memory contains all of the presorted important information in a relatively permanent and limitless storage. Long-term memory also organizes information for easy recovery (Coon, 1997). Music has an amazing power to influence...