Psychology of Music

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Psychology of Music
http://pom.sagepub.com Music listening, coping, peer affiliation and depression in adolescence Dave Miranda and Michel Claes Psychology of Music 2009; 37; 215 originally published online Mar 10, 2009; DOI: 10.1177/0305735608097245 The online version of this article can be found at: http://pom.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/37/2/215

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A RT I C L E

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Psychology of Music Psychology of Music Copyright © 2009 Society for Education, Music and Psychology Research vol 37(2): 215–233 [0305-7356 (200904) 37:2; 215–233] 10.1177/0305735608097245 http://pom.sagepub.com

Music listening, coping, peer affiliation and depression in adolescence

DAV E M I R A N DA A N D M I C H E L C L A E S
U N I V E R S I T É D E M O N T R É A L , C A NA DA

A B S T R A C T This study was conducted with 418 French-Canadian adolescents from Montréal (Canada) and had three objectives: (1) to find empirical evidence that music listening in adolescence can lead to peer affiliation based upon music preferences; (2) to find out whether three styles of coping by music listening (original self-report scale: emotion-oriented, problem-oriented, and avoidance/disengagement) are related to depression levels in adolescence (French version of the Beck Depression Inventory: Bourque & Beaudette, 1982); (3) to examine whether peers’ depression levels and coping by music listening are moderators of the relation between Metal music preference and depression levels in adolescent girls. The results of a peer nomination procedure indicated that music preferences and depression levels of participants are related to those of their peers. In girls, problem-oriented coping by music listening is linked to lower depression levels, whereas avoidance/disengagement coping by music listening is linked to higher depression levels. In boys, emotion-oriented coping by music listening is linked to higher depression levels. Finally, Metal music listening is related to higher depression levels in girls only if they affiliate with peers that are more depressed. The implications of the research regarding the music listening and psychosocial development and adjustment in adolescence are discussed. KEYWORDS:

adolescence, coping, depression, music, peers

Music listening is a paramount source of enjoyment and entertainment in adolescence, while the time dedicated to it rises markedly and averages between two and three hours daily (North, Hargreaves, & O’Neill, 2000; Roberts, Henriksen, & Foehr, 2004; Zillmann & Gan, 1997). This increase in music listening coincides with adolescents’ normative passage from childhood to adulthood – an intense life course transition characterized by specific developmental tasks and psychosocial challenges (Lerner & Steinberg, 2004). Although various authors have already outlined the relevance of this conjuncture between music listening and developmental tasks in adolescence (e.g., Larson, 1995; Saarikallio & Erkkilä, 2007; Schwartz and Fouts, 2003; Zillmann & Gan, 1997), the study of music listening in adolescence remains neglected by mainstream developmental psychology. Nevertheless, research is gradually

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Psychology of Music 37(2)

recognizing the importance of music listening in adolescence for developmental tasks and psychosocial adaptive functions, such as self-actualization,...
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