Educational Wastage: a Case Study of Upper Primary School Girl Dropouts in Otonglo Zone, Kisumu Municipality

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EDUCATIONAL WASTAGE: A CASE STUDY OF UPPER PRIMARY SCHOOL GIRL DROPOUTS IN OTONGLO ZONE, KISUMU MUNICIPALITY

BY SUSAN M. OMBATI.
Reg No.: No: L50/70596/09

A Research Proposal Submitted in Partial Fulfilment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Arts in Project Planning and Management of the University of Nairobi.

March 2009.
DEDICATION

To my loving dad, Ombati J. Monari for the labour of love and belief in me. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I acknowledge God’s faithfulness and amazing provisions this far and in the future. During the entire course I have received, and continue to receive, a lot of encouragements and support from many people. Time and space cannot allow me to mention you all by name. This however, does not limit in any way my indebtedness to you all. Special mention goes to my supervisor, Dr. Odundo for his tireless efforts in guiding my ideas. I am as well indebted to my lecturer Dr. Rambo, without whose knowledge this work would not have materialised. I cannot fail to mention Mr. Mbura of University of Nairobi’s Kisumu Extra Mural Centre who encouraged me to join the programme. I am as well very grateful to my colleagues at work especially Mr. Tom Adero for their untiring support. Last but by no means least, I am grateful for the untiring efforts of Njoroge wa Wahome of Intelex ICT Solutions who typeset and flawlessly formatted this report. DECLARATION BY CANDIDATE

This research proposal is my original work and has not been presented for a degree in any other university. No part of this research may be reproduced in any means or form without the prior consent of the author or the University of Nairobi. ___________________________Date:___________________

Susan Ombati
(Candidate)
DECLARATION BY SUPERVISORS
This research proposal report has been submitted for examination with our approval as university supervisors ___________________Date:_____________
___________________Date:_____________

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
DEDICATIONi
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTii
DECLARATION BY CANDIDATEiii
DECLARATION BY SUPERVISORSiv
TABLE OF CONTENTSv
LIST OF APPENDICESvii
ABBREVIATIONSviii
ABSTRACTix
1.0INTRODUCTION1
1.1.BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY1
1.2.PROBLEM STATEMENT4
1.3.PURPOSE OF THE STUDY4
1.4.OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY5
1.5.RESEARCH HYPOTHESES6
1.6.RESEARCH QUESTIONS7
1.7.SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY7
1.8.SCOPE OF THE STUDY8
1.9.LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY8
1.10.DE-LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY9
1.11.ASSUMPTIONS OF THE STUDY9
1.12.CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK9
1.13.DEFINITION OF KEY TERMS11
2.0LITERATURE REVIEW12
2.1.INTRODUCTION12
2.2.THE CASE OF KENYA: ENROLMENT vs COMPLETION12
2.3.SCHOOL BASED FACTORS14
Sexual Harassment14
Sanitation and Hygiene Conditions15
Repetition16
2.4.HOME BASED FACTORS17
Sexual Harassment17
Domestic Chores17
Low Level of Education of Parent(s)18
2.5.SOCIAL AND CULTURAL FACTORS18
The Effect of HIV/ AIDS Pandemic18
Early Pregnancies and Early Marriage21
Lure of Domestic Labour in Cities21
Perception That Girls Cannot Perform as Well as Boys in School23 2.6.ECONOMIC FACTORS24
Socio-economic Returns of Girl Education24
Low income of parents and Direct Cost of Education25
2.7.POLICY AND POLITICAL FACTORS27
United Nation’s Millennium Development Goals27
Free Primary Education.30
3.0RESEARCH METHODOLOGY32
3.1.RESEARCH DESIGN32
3.2.POPULATION AND SAMPLE34
3.3.DATA COLLECTION PROCEDURES36
3.4.DATA ANALYSIS36
3.5.TIME SCHEDULE37
3.6.BUDGET37
REFERENCES38
38
APPENDICES41
LIST OF APPENDICES
Page
Female Dropouts Questionnaire41
Schoolgirls Questionnaire44
Parents Questionnaire46
Teachers Questionnaire48

ABBREVIATIONS

FPE:Free Primary Education
FAWE:Federation of African Women Educators
GER:General Enrolment Rate
MoEST:...
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