Democracy, governance and development: A conceptual framework
MARION NECHESA MAYENDE
Paper Presented to The School of Business and
Of Mount Kenya University in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Award of the degree of Master of Development Studies
Definition of terms
Democracy is a system of running organizations, businesses and groups in which each member is untitled to vote and take part in decision. Government is the way in which a country as governed.
Development is a multi dimensional process that involves the re organization and re orientation of the entire social and economic system of a society which involves radical changes in their beliefs, values, taboos and attitudes that are accompanied by economic growth. The World Bank defines development as the ability of a country to generate an economic growth rate between 7-10% per annum. UNDD defines development as the ability to live long and experience lives in the knowledgeable and it has access resources for a decent standard of living. To conceptualualise is to relate ideas and concept formed in the mind and replacing old laws with new within the same conceptual framework .A framework is a particular set of rules ideas or beliefs in which you use to deal with problems or decide what to do. Introduction
There has been considerable progress that has been made across the world in economic, technological and social development with increased cross domestic products (GDP). Information has become more accessible to the people. Global concerns such as human rights, environment and crime has brought people together form diverse background on the social development front, every region in the world reduced adults illiteracy rates from 1990 to 1997, with sub Saharan Africa selling the largest ( albeit still modest) reduction of eight percent however, despite the gains, serious gaps still remain. Although the wealth of the world in general has increased, the gap between the rich and the poor has also increased. Regardless of where the poor live, they are more likely to lack access to goods and services, live shorter lives and even victims of violent. Causes of Human Deprivation in Developing Country
1. Lack of income to obtain basic necessities like food, shelter and health education services 2. For the poor, they lack adequate access to land, irrigation, agricultural extension services and adequate pricing for the agricultural produce 3. For the urban poor living in slums and squatter settlement, regularization of their land titles for their houses and adequate employment opportunities are key constraints 4. Other critical factors are democracy and governance. When governance is democratic there is participation, rules of law, transparency and accountability, it will improve the quality of life and human development of all citizens. Development is not sustainable without transparent and accountable institutions. The evolution of democracy
Democracy is the primary value for the fulfillment of individual aspirations, articulation of interests and the nurturing of civil society. Many political system and cultures adhere in fundamental values of respect for human dignity, justice, equally, participation and accountability that underpin human rights democracy and good governance. As democracy proliferates, its nature and models diversify. In Kenya for example, there has been increased democracy which has led to different political views. Globalization has been an important factor in accelerating democracy. The rapid growth of global development of new technologies and telecommunications, and integration of the world economy through trade and investment, has increased the role of power. Natural environment, crime and human inequality are becoming global issues demanding global responses. Przeworki found that “it is not time that democracy is more likely to be around and if it has...
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