Education in India
Status and Opportunities
Status of Education in INDIA
• • • • • Play School and Pre School Education Play School and Pre School Education Elementary Education Secondary Education Hi h Ed i Higher Education Vocational Education
Opportunities and Role for Private Players Opportunities and Role for Private Players • • • • Opportunities for Service Providers Public Private Partnership (PPP) Public Private Partnership (PPP) Support Services in Education Sector Indian Education Sector: A Snapshot
Status of Education in INDIA
Play School and Pre School Education
Lack of any regulatory mechanism for Play School – Pre School Segment 1 2 • P Population under the age group of 2‐6 years is 10‐11 Cr ( 9 ‐10 %) l i d h f 26 i 10 11 C ( 9 10 %) • Gross Enrolment Rate (GER) in pre‐school segment is as low as 18% @ •
Current Trends Current Trends
Rising awareness about the significance of early education for child development and maintaining high enrolment and retention rates in primary education • Majority of the Play School and Pre School market is concentrated in Urban Areas Majority of the Play School and Pre School market is concentrated in Urban Areas •
Market Size and Players
Organized pre school market is dominated by private players a few of them are Kidzee, Eurokids, Treehouse • The current urban market size is estimated to be Rs 6000 Cr •
@ at government pre schools`
Source : Fortress Team Research
Elementary Education (Std I‐VIII)
Present Status The Positives ……
• Participation: Rapid improvement in enrollment p p p rates, at least in primary schools 2 • Equity: Social disparity which was very high till 90’s has been reduced significantly. 3 Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) gets most of the credit for the improvements in Elementary Education
4 The Problem Areas ……..
• Drop out rates : 48 % in elementary Education (std I VIII) mainly because of socio economic reasons (std I‐ VIII) mainly because of socio‐economic reasons • Regional disparity: States like Bihar, UP are way behind in terms of GER, Drop outs.. ( Cont..) ( Cont..)
The Problem Areas …….
5 • Infrastructure: 5 o Low PTR and teacher absenteeism o 24% Schools in India do not have proper school building 6 o 8 % schools Lack drinking water facilities
• Quality of Education: o Pratham’s ASER survey: 60% of children aged 7 to 12 cannot read a simple paragraph ( h d k (Pratham is a reputed NGO working towards education in India)
Source: DISE, MHRD
Aspects Gross enrolment ratio (GER) Drop out rates Teacher appointments h Teacher training Construction of school buildings Construction of additional classrooms % of Expenditure on Education & Training of total Budget Better Performing States Rajasthan, Delhi , Maharashtra, Uttarakhand Kerala , Goa, Haryana, Himachal, Andhra Pradesh, J&K, Orissa, UP dh d h Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Assam, Tamil Nadu Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan Gujarat, Karnataka, Assam, AP Slow Performing States Bihar, Punjab, Haryana, Nagaland Assam, Bihar, Mizoram, Meghalaya W.Bengal, MP l Bihar, Maharashtra, Arunachal Pradesh W. Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand Chattisgarh, UP, Manipur
Assam, Maharashtra, Bihar Delhi
J&K, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh
Source : Fortress Team Research, DISE, MHRD and Presentation by Mr. Amit Kaushik UNDP Workshop on MDGs And Human Development Lucknow 2006
Secondary Education (Std IX‐XII)
Success of SSA has resulted in a pull effect on Secondary Education System Secondary Education is an important foundation for vocational / higher education Hence expansion of Secondary Education is important for the development of any Nation The problem areas …..
Financing: While India has pursued the drive
2000 the share of investment financing for (grades 9 and 10), the gross enrollment rate (GER) secondary education has declined significantly. y g y is...