Economics Reform of India from 1990-2010

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The economy of India is the eleventh largest economy in the world by nominal GDP[2] and the fourth largest by purchasing power parity (PPP).[10]Following strong economic reforms from the socialist inspired economy of a post-independence Indian nation, the country began to develop a fast-paced economic growth, as free market principles were initiated in 1990 for international competition and foreign investment. India is an emerging economic power with a very large pool of human and natural resources, and a growing large pool of skilled professionals. Economists predict that by 2020,[11] India will be among the leading economies of the world.

India, an emerging economy, has witnessed unprecedented levels of economic expansion, along with countries such as China, Russia, Mexico and Brazil. India, being a cost effective and labor intensive economy, has benefited immensely from outsourcing of work from developed countries, and a strong manufacturing and export oriented industrial framework. As the economic pace is picking up, global commodity prices have staged a comeback from their lows and global trade has also seen reasonably healthy growth over the last two years.  

Economic Prospects for 2010
The global economy seems to be recovering after the recent economic shock. The Indian economy, however, was hit in the latter part of the global recession and the real economic growth has witnessed a sharp fall, followed by lower exports, lower capital outflow and corporate restructuring. The global economies are expected to continue to sustain themselves in the short-term, as the effect of stimulus programs is yet to bear fruit and tax cuts are working their way through the system in 2010. Due to the strong position of liquidity in the market, large corporations now have access to capital in the corporate credit markets. | | |India’s Economic Outlook Projection | |  | |  |  |  |  | |  | |2007 |2008 |2009 |2010 | |  | |  |  |  |  | |GDP Growth  | |9.40% |7.30% |5.40% |7.20% | |CPI | |6.40% |9.30% |5.50% |4.90% |

Indian Economy 2010
In order to keep up the economic growth during times of the worst recession, government authorities in India have announced the stimulus packages to bolster economic growth. To finance the stimulus packages, the Indian government has raised over $100 billion over the last four quarters. The country’s public debt, according to the Reserve Bank of Indian (RBI), has zoomed to more than 50% of the total GDP and the RBI has started printing new currency notes. |Central Government Debt | | |  | |in Rs. Crores (10 Million) |Q3 2008 |Q3 2009 |% of GDP | | | | | |  | | | | | |Public Debt (Sum of 1 and 2) |2,099,286.23 |2,505,450.74 |50.71% | | | | | |1. External Debt |237,351.77 |294,941.67 |  | | | | | |2. Internal Debt |1,861,934.46 |2,210,509.07 |  | | | | |


India’s Economic Relations

India has important and strong economic relations with many countries in the world. Traditionally India has maintained trade...
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