Constitutional and Legal Framework
Article 47 of the Constitution of India directs the State to regard the raising of the level of nutrition and the standard of living of its people and the improvement of public health as among its primary duties, and, in particular, to endeavour to bring about prohibition of consumption, except for medicinal purposes, of intoxicating drinks and drugs which are injurious to health. Section 71 of the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, 1985 (as amended) provides as under: "Power of Government to establish centres for identification, treatment, etc., of addicts and for supply of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances - The Government may, in its discretion, establish as many centres as it thinks fit for identification, treatment, education, after-care, rehabilitation, social re-integration of addicts ....." The Government may make rules consistent with this Act providing for the establishment, appointment, maintenance, management and superintendence of ..... the centres referred to in sub-section (1) and for the appointment, training, powers, duties and persons employed in such centres." Demand Reduction Strategy - A Welfare Approach
The issues relating to drugs are tackled by the Government of India through its two-pronged strategy viz. supply reduction and demand reduction. Whereas the supply reduction is under the purview of the enforcement agencies with the Department of Revenue as the nodal agency, the demand reduction strategy is under the domain of social sector and the Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment in Government of India is responsible for implementation of demand reduction strategy in the country. Treatment and Rehabilitation of Addicts - Govt - NGO Collaboration The Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment, as the focal point for drug demand reduction programmes in the country, has been implementing the Scheme for Prohibition and Drug Abuse Prevention since the year...
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