Evidence based practice (EBP) is an important factor to the health care system. Evidence based practice involves all of the health care workers. It involves identifying solid research findings and implementing them within practices. The overall the main purpose of evidence based practice is to increase the quality of care the patient receives. According to Flemming an Cullum (1997) “Evidence based health care involves using a communication of clinical expertise, and best available evidence, together with the patients preferences to inform decision making.”
The framework I will use to set out my question is based on PICO, sackett et al (2000) the question is a foreground question as I am asking about a specific issue within healthcare and I am looking for specific knowledge about the effectiveness of assessment of risk factors in the prevention on pressure ulcers. My question is based on PICO (outline of PICO is population, intervention, comparison, outcome) is set out as
P = Hospitalised patients with pressure ulcers
I = Using waterlow assessment
C = The use of pressure relieving materials
O = Prevention of development and promote healing
The reason I have chosen this question is to conducting a literature review focussed on an aspect of nursing care that I have been involved in within clinical practice. I have chosen to look at what the literature says about the use of assessment of risk in the prevention of pressure ulcers in hospitalised patients.
The search carried out in order to complete a systematic literature search to select two or more electronic data bases. Articles published after 2000 ere accessed, these were Cumulative Index To Nursing. (CINAHL), and Royal College of Nursing (RCN) archives for journals, BMJ search as well, These data bases were used as it covers a large range of biomedical literature that includes literature which underlines nursing practice. By research for the five articles keywords were entered into the data bases, words included...